Ever since the Lumiere brothers showed the world theirthe famous "Arrival of the train at La Ciotat station" in 1986, the cinema has changed beyond recognition. At first they learned to shoot with scenery, then the simplest effects appeared. With the advent of computer technology, filmmakers learned to shoot on a green background, which was replaced by any other. This made it possible to place the scene in any place not only of the Earth or Galaxy, but even in non-existent worlds. The most interesting thing is that more than 100 years ago, people believed in the train, and now we are looking for graphic flaws and yawn when a huge skyscraper falls in our direction. The time has come for new technologies. Maybe they will change something?
- 1 How to make a movie
- 2 How to make special effects for a movie
- 3 Why films are shot on a green background
- 4 How will they make movies in the future
How to make a movie
It's no secret that for shooting movies in ourdays need several components. The first, most important, is the cast and crew. Its size is not so important and can be limited even to two or three people. Actually, one holds the camera, the second is in the frame. Another important component is the script. Shooting without a script is more a blog than an artwork.
There is no minimumbudget. Author’s movies can be shot literally for a penny, but any investments will still be required. The final stage will be the installation. It is impossible to make a movie in one frame and without processing even the biggest master. If he does, however, the main idea of the film will not be the plot, but the fact that such a shooting is possible in principle. Complete the process of creating a film will need to promote and attract viewers.
Of course, there’s still makeup, the organization of filming,elaboration of the script and much more. In general, filming a movie is a difficult matter, but the steps listed above are indispensable even for amateur cinema, if it claims to be artistic. And if the picture should become spectacular, we need another important component - special effects.
How to make special effects for a movie
Effects are an integral part of anygreat movie. They are needed not only in scenes where explosions of historical sites, aircraft crash occur, or where Spider-Man flies over New York. Even in ordinary scenes in which people just walk around the city, the so-called "greenback" or chromakey is often used.
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By definition, chromakey is technologycombining two or more images or frames in one composition. It allows you to impose a person or other objects on the background, which will then be processed and replaced with any other.
In addition to scenes unfolding in outer spaceor in a conventional vent of a volcano, chromakey is widely used for shooting urban scenes. For example, during the shooting of a football match, it makes no sense to bring to the stands 80,000 people in paraphernalia and pay for all this. It is enough to plant several real extras in the front row and on the edge of the field, and draw the rest on a green background.
Examples of using chromakey:
Why films are shot on a green background
Generally used during shootingit is a green background, but this is not a constant, and it is sometimes changed to other options. The second most popular is blue. Red background is less common.
Choice of colors due to minimal presencein shades of human skin in green and blue. Thanks to this, replacing the background in color is simpler and, therefore, of high quality. In any case, during editing it will not be enough just to press a button and replace the background, as is done when creating YouTube videos (although here you also have to work with lights and settings). It will be necessary to carry out a large amount of work so that everything looks natural.
The hardest job is tocreate the right perspective. Suppose a man is standing on a background of murals. When changing the viewpoint, it will be seen that it has shifted relative to the background, but the perspective of the background has not changed. All this must be taken into account when editing complex scenes, so that the viewer believes in what is happening and in such an easy fraud.
How will they make movies in the future
We live in a time when every area of ourlife in the best traditions of ontogenesis is constantly subjected to certain metamorphoses. With rare exceptions, which each defines for himself, this leads to an improvement in the world around us.
This is also the case with cinema. We cannot make films in an extreme environment or in a nonexistent world. Even to travel the whole crew with equipment to remote corners of the planet seems a rather dubious decision. At the same time, if you shoot in the studio on a chromakey, the creators will not see the finished picture until the end of the installation stage and the information of the pictures. But sometimes you need to evaluate the actor’s game not against a soulless green background, but the real conditions prescribed in the script. Here new technologies come to the rescue.
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Recently, Epic Games and Unreal Engine presented their development, which can be considered a new stage in the development of cinema in the broadest sense of the word.
Its essence is that instead of greenThe background behind the actor are LED panels. They provide background selection in real time. It turns out that already on the set the whole group can plunge into the plot, and the director can say his final “Believe!”, Watching the scene almost as the viewer sees it. Without processing, in reality.
In addition to demonstrating static ordynamic pictures, immediately on the set, the system allows you to change the landscape for the actor. The demo shows how you can change the shape of stones in the desert or complement the overall structure of the background.
Systems are used for such changes.virtual reality, allowing the technician to examine the changes in real time, plunging into the created background. Being “inside”, he can move objects and analyze how they will look at different angles.
In addition, to add or adjust objects, you can use special tablets with software that calculate 3D objects of varying complexity.
As mentioned above, a picture on the backgroundadjust to display the correct perspective. The demonstrated system also provides such an opportunity. The background immediately changes its position on the screens, adjusting to the position of the camera relative to the subject.
Realism of shooting can be estimated at the beginning of the video, which demonstrates the new technology in the cinema.
All this is very interesting, and gives the creatorsfuture masterpieces new tools for self-realization. The main thing is that cinema does not become a soulless demonstration of the capabilities of new technologies, but remains just art. This trend has been outlined recently, but many authors try to resist it, continuing to bend their creative line. For example, in the movie Interstellar, even despite the fantastic plot, almost no computer graphics are used. All objects were shot in real scenery and against the background of ship models.</ p>
Do you think cinema will go so far thatfilmmakers will stop crawling out of the studio at all, and will we believe that the movie was actually shot in Times Square, in the Sahara or at the North Pole? Let's discuss this in the comments or in our special Telegram chat.
Also, let's start each comment withThe names of your favorite movie. This is a good chance to express your opinion. For example, I like the films “Military Diver” and “Gone in 60 Seconds”. Your turn!