We live in a time when space is alreadyceases to be available only at the level of public corporations. Now it can be done by businessmen who simply have the money and the desire to devote themselves to it. There are a lot of examples - from Elon Musk to Richard Branson. But somewhere in between is Jeff Bezos. He has as much money, if not more, than his space race competitors, but his PR people clearly let him down and failed to make him a space race superhero. Despite this, he literally dreams of space, and his company Blue Origin creates a huge number of projects that can change our relationship with this boundless space in the future. To do this, Bezos funds support startups that can do something breakthrough for space exploration. Now let's look at which companies it was decided to support last year and what they do.
- 1 Satellite control
- 2 Satellite repair and space logistics
- 3 Space exploration
- 4 AR videos from space
- 5 Space debris monitoring
- 6 Lunar and Martian robots
- 7 Tracking heat emissions
- 8 Exploration from space
Company Cognitive Space, which came to the attention of eminent investors inlast year, was founded in 2018 in Houston (USA). She proposes using artificial intelligence technology to make the control of satellites fully automatic. In this case, we are talking not about one or two, but about entire constellations of satellites.
This will allow planning missions, deploying complex projects and launching groups of satellites into orbit that will not interfere with each other or other devices. And everything is automatic.
A way has been found to reduce the cost of taking satellite images of the Earth.
The constellation of satellites is growing very fast and needs to be managed. Such systems will speed up the process of deploying the Internet of things based on satellite communications and other projects.
Satellite repair and space logistics
Company D-orbit from Como (Italy) was founded in 2011 andis engaged in systems that allow optimizing work in orbit. This process involves the delivery of satellites and their maintenance. For the latter, the company is even developing special automated drones that can repair vehicles in orbit.
In addition to simple repairs, they will be able to pick up fromare broken or used parts for restoration and reuse. The refueling of satellites, if necessary, is also considered among the capabilities of the system. It sounds like science fiction, but if Blue Origin is interested in this, then there is definitely something in it. At the very least, prospects.
Descartes Labs from New Mexico (USA) offers the creation of systemsgeospatial intelligence. She has been doing this since 2014, and some of her developments are already involved in the process of collecting information about the state of the Earth's surface.
China is developing huge satellites to save the Earth from the asteroid Bennu.
Further research will create newor upgrade existing technologies related to collecting information about the state of the Earth's surface, creating visualization tools, preparing earth models, and the like. This will help not only the military, but also farmers, geologists, environmentalists and people of other professions, whose work one way or another connected to the surface of the earth.
AR video from space
Company Edgybees from Maryland (USA) offers a rather unusual project. She has been developing augmented reality software and has been doing so since 2017.
Thanks to its tools, it will be possible togenerate high quality images. It can be maps of roads or other areas. At the same time, the picture will not be flat, but augmented, and will become an excellent tool for the work of emergency services, which will be able to see in real time what is happening in the area with which they will have to work.
Space Debris Monitoring
LeoLabs from California (USA) is engaged in trackingspace debris, which in itself poses a great threat. For this purpose, it uses machine learning tools and an extensive network of radars on Earth.
As a result, company specialists can receivehigh-precision data on the position of the debris in orbit. This may be important primarily for those who deploy space communications systems and risk losing satellites as a result of a collision with space debris. Space debris tracking is possible over the Internet in real time. Interestingly, even the smallest objects can be tracked. For instance, Kiwi radar in New Zealand can track debris smaller than 10 centimeters.
Lunar and Martian robots
In order for a person to be present, work and live on Mars or the Moon, he needs provision. In particular, robots that will help in the development of these space objects.
China has accused the US of "unsafe" behavior in space.
Lunar Outpost from Colorado (USA) is just developingsuch robots. For example, her first development was a robot to search for resources on the moon. It weighed 10 kilograms and could carry up to 5 kilograms of cargo. It moves at a speed of 10 centimeters per second, which is quite fast. Such a device is aimed at mining lunar soil for NASA purposes.
Tracking heat emissions
Company Satellite VU from the UK is in controlecological situation from space. To do this, its systems monitor the thermal emissions of buildings to understand how they contribute to the global warming process. She has been doing this since 2016.
Monitoring is carried out in real time andallows you to find areas where something is wrong, and where it is necessary to reduce heat loss. This will reduce carbon emissions and improve construction efficiency. Research is carried out on the basis of infrared imaging from space.
Intelligence from space
Ursa Space from Ithaca (USA) provides data to the spacereconnaissance and observation of the earth's surface. Satellites provide data, and a special system collects it and analyzes it with the help of AI. This is how changes in the selected territory are tracked.
It is reported that this way you can control the courseconstruction works, deforestation process, presence of anomalies and other significant changes. The most interesting thing is that neither time of day nor weather conditions affect the accuracy of data acquisition.