In December 2018, the State Duma introducedthe bill implying isolation of the Russian Internet from foreign servers. It is expected that in this way, residents of the country will be maximally protected from data leakage. According to the Deputy Ministry of Communications and Mass Media, Oleg Ivanov, they support the draft law and believe that it will be passed without problems at the first reading. However, the official also noted that the project requires careful discussion due to the abundance of controversial issues.
It is planned that the autonomous work of the Runet will beimplemented using certain "technical means" to identify traffic sources. Roskomnadzor will have new powers, and telecom operators will be obliged to fulfill its traffic routing requirements and ensure centralized control. If necessary, it will be possible to block access to sites not only by network addresses, but also by closing the traffic passing.
The Ministry of Communications in 2016 planned to reach99% of the turnover of Russian traffic within the country. At the same time, the ministry acknowledged that when shutting down foreign servers, problems could arise in RuNet. In an interview for TASS on December 24, 2018, the head of Roskomnadzor, Alexander Zharov, announced that any country should be ready for isolation.
According to experts from the Communication andIT ”, it will take about 25 billion rubles to conduct research, create and maintain a registry of exchange points, expand the staff of Roskomnadzor structures and train them. Also, telecom operators may have problems with the Network, which will also require compensation. The experts also stressed that it is not clear from the text of the bill exactly what the threat is towards the residents of the Russian Federation.
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