The head of the state corporation "Roscosmos" Dmitry Rogozinshowed and told the delegation of representatives of the heads of space agencies of foreign countries who visited the Russian Space Flight Control Center in Korolev about which launch vehicles would be used by Russia for flights to the moon. Roscosmos has published a YouTube-video on its channel, where Rogozin shows the silhouettes of future rockets and their main characteristics.
According to earlier information that went toRussian media, Roscosmos is working on two options for the carrier of the super heavy class. One of them is "Enisey". In the future, this carrier will be able to put a payload in mass from 88 to 103 tons into low earth orbit (LEO). The rocket will be able to deliver cargo weighing from 20 to 27 tons to the moon. The second rocket is the Don, which represents a more powerful version of the Yenisei. “Don” will be able to output 125-130 tons into orbit of the earth, and 32 tons to the moon.
According to more recent information, whichshown in the video of "Roskosmos", the first rocket will have a launch weight of 3167 tons and will be able to output to a NOU a weight of at least 100 tons. A rocket will be able to deliver 27 tons of payload to the geostationary orbit, and 27 tons to the moon. The starting mass of a more powerful second rocket will be 3281 tons. The carrier will be able to deliver 140 tons of payload to the LEO, 29.5 tons to the geostationary station, and 33 tons to the Moon.
According to the available information, in perspectivepayloads for carrier rockets Yenisei and Don will be a manned transport ship “Federation” weighing 20 tons, which Roscosmos plans to use for flights to the Moon, as well as a lunar landing and takeoff complex weighing 27 tons and a module of a lunar base with a mass 27-32 tons.
In addition, the media will be usedfor output to the geostationary orbit of spacecraft based on the transport and energy module weighing 26-30 tons, as well as space telescopes weighing 30-40 tons for deep-space research. They are planned to be placed at the Lagrange point L2 of the Sun-Earth system (this is the space where the gravitational force of the Sun and the Earth is balanced).
The ultimate look of super heavy Russianmissiles, as well as all the technical features should be presented in November 2019. According to Roscosmos experts, the creation of a super-heavy rocket will cost approximately 1.2 trillion rubles. The first launch of the Yenisei carrier is expected in 2027. It will be held from the Vostochny cosmodrome. The first flight of the Don is supposed to take place in 2029.
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