General, Research, Technology

The first geological map of the moon created

The satellite of our planet, reflecting sunlightalways been a subject of admiration. The very idea that a person would ever be able to walk on the surface of the moon inspired awe. The era of space exploration, which was the result of an arms race between the two superpowers of the USSR and the USA, as a result led to the landing of a man on the moon. This event, of course, is one of the greatest achievements of mankind. However, since 1972, flights to the satellite of our planet have been suspended. Today, the world is again obsessed with the moon and many countries have announced plans for its development. Recently, scientists have compiled the world's first “unified geological map of the moon”, created in digital format. The card will be available to anyone online.

On the new map, Luna seems to have just played paintball.

Moon map

The moon contains unique resources that are not onThe earth. But in order to study them, you first need to learn as much as possible about the Moon itself. To solve this problem, researchers from the US Geological Survey (USGS), together with specialists from NASA, compiled a detailed map of the moon with unprecedented detail. The world's first geological map of the moon is made up of six different lunar maps, some of which were created in the era of Apollo flights. Each color on the Unified Geological Map of the Moon identifies individual rocks or sediments that consist of craters, pools, and even ancient lava fields. Let me remind you that more than 40% of the visible side of the moon is occupied by the sea - dark areas covered with frozen lava deposits.

According to the Science Daily portal, mappingIt was not an easy task. One of the main problems was the mismatch of different lunar maps. Their edges were not entirely accurate, the markings sometimes differed, or the description and age of a particular breed did not match. However, all the work was worth it, because the new lunar map is not only a collage of data collected over the years of Apollo missions, but also new data from a myriad of lunar missions, as well as information collected using space satellites.

The surface area of ​​the moon is 58 million square kilometers. This is more than the area of ​​Africa, but less than the area of ​​Asia.

Lunar rocks in color

So, data on the relief of the moon and the area aroundthe equator was collected using the lunar orbiting apparatus of the Japan aerospace research agency SELENE (Selenological and Engineering Explorer), and the topography of the north and south poles was supplemented by data obtained using the NASA Lunar Orbiter Laser Altimeter.

This is interesting: the Earth has a new moon, but you are unlikely to notice it.

According to the developers, a single geologicala map of the moon will bring together all the available information about this celestial body into one simple database. Most notably, the new moon map will be available online to absolutely every Internet user, and not just representatives of the scientific community. Also, do not forget about “terrestrial” geologists - I have no doubt that they will be very interested in studying the geological features of the satellite of our planet. And what do you think about the unified geological map of the moon, will you study? Share your answer in the comments and join the participants of our cozy Telegram chat

According to the developers, the differences in variousApollo mission maps emerged from the various interpretations of the research teams that compiled them. It is possible that two different teams could come to different conclusions by looking at the same photo. To eliminate the discrepancies, the developers of a single geological map of the moon studied all six maps of the Apollo flight era, and also used modern data. It is noteworthy that when solving complex issues, such as the age of the craters, the most useful were the latest data. All because clearer images allowed scientists to find out details that were impossible to find out in the past.

Yes, we have not seen such a moon

In general, the developers summarized all the earlymaps of the surface of the moon, supplemented them with the latest data and redrawn the map, while retaining all previous interpretations and data from past observations.

Lunar mountains

Given the increased interest in the moon and the intentions of individual states to build lunar bases on the satellite’s surface, in the process of compiling a single geological map, scientists were able to develop a description stratigraphy - rock layers of the Earth satellite. Thanks to stratigraphy on all previous maps of the moon, age and rock descriptions are now the same. Read even more interesting articles about the satellite of our planet on our channel in Yandex.Zen, there are regularly published articles that are not on the site.

According to the developers, the new lunar map -The culmination of a multi-year research project that provides crucial information for future research. In the future, the map will allow a detailed study of the places on the moon that are of most interest to scientists. In fact, this is a very necessary map, as a number of the latest lunar missions are being prepared. So it is possible that in the near future, the geography of the moon will appear in textbooks on the geography of the Earth.