Today, July 19, was successfully launched from orbitThe Chinese manned space station Tyangun-2 returned to Earth’s atmosphere. The main part of the station burned down in the dense layers of the atmosphere of the planet, a small part of the wreckage fell into the waters of the South Pacific between New Zealand and Chile, according to Chinese media. This place is called the dead zone, but as we wrote earlier, it is not so dead.
"China has made a controlled withdrawal from orbitorbital manned space laboratory "Tyangun-2", the station returned to the atmosphere of the Earth on July 19, Beijing time. A small part of the debris that did not burn in the atmosphere fell in a pre-determined safe zone in the South Pacific, ”the report says.
As noted by New Scientist, the Chinese stationThe Tyangun-2 was in a fully functional state before being removed from orbit. They decided to destroy it simply because the Chinese experts conducted all the planned scientific and technical experiments.
What is known about the station?
Almost 9-ton apparatus, called"Tyangun-2" ("heavenly palace" from Chinese), was launched into Earth orbit in September 2016. The station became the second orbital laboratory of China. Its length is 10.4 meters, diameter - 3.35 meters. The station consisted of two compartments. One was used for living and conducting experiments, the second was used as a technical unit. It was installed solar panels, batteries, main engines and stored fuel.
Model station "Tyangun-2"
What was the use of the Tyangun-2 space station?
In October 2016, the station was launchedManned ship "Shenzhou-11" with two Chinese astronauts. In total, they spent 30 days in orbit, after which they successfully returned to Earth. In 2017, a cargo ship was sent to the station. In the course of this mission, a docking technology check was carried out as well as refueling.
Chinese astronauts aboard Tyangun-2 station in October 2016
The station for more than a thousand days was a platform forcarrying out various scientific and technological space experiments, although the initial planned time of its work was 2 years. For example, it was used to test the technologies of life support systems for the new Chinese multi-module orbital station, the first module of which is planned to be put into near-earth orbit in 2020. When assembled, it will become the world's third multi-module manned orbital station (after the Soviet-Russian Mir station and the International Space Station), but smaller in size.
See also: New Chinese space station may become international
In 2018, the Chinese Department of Mannedcosmonautics began preparing to remove the Tyangun-2 station from orbit for its further destruction in the dense layers of the atmosphere. According to the agency, the preparation for the controlled withdrawal of the device from orbit was in full accordance with the approved program. Unlike the first Chinese space station, Tyangun-1, with which problems arose, the withdrawal from the Tyangun-2 orbit was completely controlled.