The theme of railways often excites minds not onlyfans and lovers of technology, but also ordinary people. All due to the fact that there is some kind of romance in these iron giants. After all, it’s like living dinosaurs that were at the dawn of the birth of transport and are still alive. Some cars, which at one time changed the idea of mankind on how to move around our planet, are now surviving their lives in the cemeteries of steam locomotives, where they were sent as unnecessary. But even there they look very epic and impressive. Let's talk about one of these places. But at the same time just delve into this topic.
The subject of decommissioned vehicles is often raisedin many sources. It is always interesting to read about it when there is a free minute. In particular, I recently came across this material, which inspired the writing of this article.
I myself worked for many years in a company engaged inby rail. We worked specifically with cars, but I often went to car repair and locomotive depots, where, by virtue of my innate curiosity, I molested everyone with questions and was pretty good at it. Something I have already forgotten, but I still have something to tell.
- 1 Cemetery of steam locomotives in the Perm region
- 2 Why do locomotives store, not dispose of
- 3 Where old steam locomotives go
- 4 What a car consists of
- 5 How to destroy cars
Cemetery of steam locomotives in the Perm region
Not far from the Shumkovo station in the Perm Territory there are sloppy tracks, on which there are several dozen steam locomotives that have already served their purpose and now, in the best case, play the role of museum exhibits.
Interestingly, the base is not just a cemeterysteam locomotives. She performs the role of the base. On the sludge tracks there is also working equipment. In particular, electric trains that are awaiting repair or temporarily withdrawn from an operating fleet, unclaimed locomotives, snow blowers and other units of rolling stock.
This, of course, is interesting, but idly staggerAmong the new technology, security may interfere. Much easier things are with the old technology. You can even climb on it and consider partially preserved controls, cabs and mechanisms.
The oldest representative of the cemetery of steam locomotives inAt one time there was a model of ER 716-66 Hungarian production. They were created by MAVAG. Later, this locomotive of 1936 was purchased and exhibited at the Museum of “Military Glory of the Urals” in Verkhnyaya Pyshma. The locals also claim that there were a lot of steam locomotives of the FD series in the cemetery, better known as Felix Dzerzhinsky, they also went somewhere. Some of them went to China.
Most steam locomotives are in poor condition and alreadyovergrown with bushes, but there are those that are in a more or less decent condition. Basically, the technique of the period 1940-1950 is presented here. Even despite the deplorable state, they still amaze with their power.
Why do locomotives store and not utilize
Storage of railway equipmentdoubtful. If it is not needed, it will occupy ways that can be used more rationally. And also wagons and locomotives are made of metal. Metal costs money, and considering that there are tens of tons in the design of one wagon, remelting and cutting into spare parts looks like a much more promising idea. But why then do steam locomotives stand in the cemetery?
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At one time (back in the USSR) this object wasit was kept secret and equipment was kept in its tracks in case of war. If the power supply is damaged, then the electric locomotives will not be able to drive through and autonomous equipment will be needed. That is why locomotives were looked after and even regularly lubricated. Then came the realization that it was better to use diesel locomotives, and the fleet of steam locomotives remained standing. Perhaps, for the most reserve case, because despite the low efficiency of the steam engine, he could ride on almost everything that burns. That is, it was much easier with fuel. It was not necessary to look for the best diesel fuel, as for diesel locomotives. Therefore, in Soviet times, the number of locomotives on these tracks reached one and a half hundred.
If you intend to visit this place, keep init’s guarded, but those who have been there say that the guards will not touch you if you just walk and watch, and not try to climb onto the roofs or tear something away for memory. However, others argue that protection is better not to come across the eyes. Maybe it's just those who broke off the headlights from the locomotives and broke their windows?
If you still have a desire to get to the cemetery of steam locomotives, this article describes in detail how to get to it.
Where do the old steam locomotives go?
Despite the fact that often old equipment canfound in such a condition as in the cemetery of steam locomotives, it is still of great historical interest and is in demand among museum workers and collectors. Often from such places it falls into a museum or on pedestals next to large or historical railway stations.
If the engine is in poor condition, itwill be restored before being put on public display. Simplifies the task that he does not have to be on the go. It is enough to just save the basic structural elements. In this case, the equipment will look great and visitors will be able to make their impression of it.
However, there are times when such locomotivesuse for its intended purpose. For example, at the Museum of the Riga Station in Moscow at one time there was an opportunity (perhaps there is now) after inspecting the main exposition, taking a ride in one of the two wagons pulled by such a locomotive. Feeling interesting.
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What a car consists of
In addition to locomotives, there is also a railwaywagons. Contrary to popular belief, they serve for a long time. In this case, do not focus on the appearance. Often, a crumpled rusty wagon can be produced no more than 10 years ago, and clean and fresh - in the mid-eighties of the last century. It all depends on what kind of repair it went through.
Wagons during their operation constantlypass checks and some types of repairs. Inspections are carried out before loading and at departure-arrival stations. If there are minor comments, they are sent to the TOP (current uncoupling repair). Every few years, depending on the type of carriage, it is sent to DR (depot repair), and a little less often to KP (major repairs). All terms are regulated by the relevant documents of the relevant departments, but the average time between repairs is: for depot - 3-5 years, and for capital - 5-7 years.
During the repair, a decision is made onthe feasibility of repairing the car as a whole or its parts. For example, if there are cracks in the frame, then the operation of such a car is not allowed. Trolley parts are also rigorously checked, in particular wheelsets, side frames and spring beams. They can be repaired or rearranged under other wagons without repair, but if there are cracks on them, they are transferred to the corresponding categories of scrap metal and accounted for by the categories of scrap. Later scrap is sold. And large parts of the cart are measured in hundreds of kilograms. For example, the side frame and the sprung beam weigh about 400 kilograms, and the complete pair of wheels — from 1,150 to 1,450 kilograms, depending on the residual thickness of the rim (in production, its thickness is more than 70 mm, and before disbanding less than 29 mm)
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How to destroy cars
When the decision is made that the carserved (according to the regulatory period or for identified defects), he is sent for cutting. It is held either at special sites, or on the territory of the VRZ (Car Repair Plant) - only there is special equipment.
The whole carriage in parts after cutting goesto the warehouse. Some parts are like spare parts, and some are like scrap. At the same time, special damage is applied to the defective parts, such as cuts, so that no one can reuse them. At least that's how it should be by the rules.
Wagons not disposed of like cars in the movies under the press. This is a commercial mode of transport and it should bring maximum benefits. Sometimes parts can be removed from it for hundreds of thousands of rubles. And sell tens of thousands of rubles of scrap metal.
Some parts of the car are easily removed from it,almost on latches, but some have to be cut with autogenous or cut off with large hydraulic scissors. In particular, therefore, such work is carried out at special sites.
When the carriage is cut, just remove itits number and the numbers of all written-off numbered details from the database of the MCC (Main Computing Center of Russian Railways) and send everything for storage as specified in the regulations. For example, wheelsets should stand on tracks, and cast parts of carts should not be stored in bulk.