Many of us in childhood dreamed of becomingastronauts and with their own eyes to see the Earth in the porthole of a space station or ship. Indeed: astronauts are those few lucky ones who nevertheless managed to fulfill the dream of millions, but life in space for them was far from the adventures that science fiction writers talk about in their novels. As it turned out, life on a space station has its own oddities that can make you completely forget about your childhood dream.
- 1 How do astronauts sleep?
- 2 In space, you do not know whether you need a toilet or not
- 3 After training, the astronauts sweat
- 4 In space it is better not to cry
- 5 In space, astronauts lose their sense of smell
- 6 Astronauts Launch Their Dirty Laundry on Fire Death
- 7 You cannot eat bread in space
- 8 You cannot drink alcohol in space
- 9 All astronauts must learn Russian
How do astronauts sleep?
Closed space, mental andemotional stress, magnetic storms - all this greatly undermines the state of health of the brave space explorers. In order to reduce the negative consequences caused by the long-term orbiting of the Earth, astronauts must sleep every few sunrises during makeshift "nights". In practice, this means that during the rotation of the International Space Station around the Earth, astronauts observe sunrises and sunsets every 1.5 hours, which causes them to go to bed every few dawns to achieve one more or less full “night” rest.
In addition, in order not to accidentally “swim away”while sleeping from their beds, researchers have to fasten in sleeping bags, and then fasten with special straps. They also use eye masks to block any light and try to adhere to the established sleep schedule to quickly adapt to new conditions.
See also: 10 facts about how unpleasant a trip to Mars can be
In space, you don’t know whether you need a toilet or not
Zero gravity affects human bodiesin many ways, which most often lead to a decrease in muscle mass and weakening of bones. In addition, the lack of gravity also makes it almost impossible to determine exactly when you need to go to the toilet. The pressure on the bladder, which usually warns you of the need to relieve yourself, is completely absent in space, which leads to the need to use diapers for adults during take-off, landing and EVA.
However, being on the International Spacestations, astronauts use a specially designed bathroom. A specially designed device absorbs waste, turning urine into drinking water, and all solid waste is pressed and sent to the Progress multifunctional spacecraft, which dumps all the garbage into the Earth’s atmosphere, where it safely burns before it reaches our heads. In order to learn how to use a space toilet, astronauts undergo a special training on Earth, since the opening of a device so important for life in orbit is quite small and does not at all resemble its terrestrial counterpart.
After training, the astronauts sweat
In order to prevent or at leastslightly slow down the deformation of muscles that occurs in zero gravity. All astronauts must be at least 2 hours a day while on the ISS. Active loads on the body lead to the appearance of perspiration, which behaves completely differently than on Earth. So, in zero gravity, sweat does not drip from your skin, it sticks to you and gathers in small balls. You can swim with these drops of sweat on your body, but astronauts wipe all the liquid with a towel, collect it and filter it. Like their urine, filtered sweat is used as drinking water.
It's better not to cry in space
Despite the opportunity to watch every daythe picturesque view from the ISS portholes to the bright blue Earth, nostalgia for the home can capture anyone and cause a desire to cry, thereby relieving their emotional state. However, astronauts are better off not too homesick in space, because crying in this harsh place is quite uncomfortable. In space, tears do not roll down the face, but remain in the droplets around your eyes and sting painfully.
In space, astronauts lose their sense of smell
On Earth, all body fluids are controlledlaws of gravity, and so they usually move down your body. In space, however, things are not entirely wrong. The body fluids are literally everywhere, so such not-so-pleasant substances like mucus clog the astronauts head, giving them the symptoms of a cold. One such unpleasant symptom is a weaker sense of smell, which is why astronauts' eating habits in orbit change significantly. Most astronauts are very fond of spicy space food, such as Tabasco sauce and hot pepper.
Astronauts Launch Their Dirty Laundry on Fire Death
Despite the fact that during the execution of work inin outer space, astronauts wear bulky spacesuits, in ordinary life on the ISS they use our usual clothes, which tend to get dirty with time. Although most advanced technology at a space station costs millions of dollars, scientists living on the ISS do not have a washing machine or even a dryer. In order to get rid of their dirty laundry, researchers have to pack their clothes in bags and then put them in a special kamikaze spaceship, bound for a suicide mission. The spacecraft goes on a flight to Earth, where it burns out upon entering the atmosphere. Well, it seems, the creation of a washing machine for astronauts can be a good idea for a startup for novice entrepreneurs.
You can't eat bread in space
In 1965, during a spacecraft flightGemini 3, two astronauts somehow carried a corned beef sandwich on board the ship. Although this misconduct may seem insignificant, under the conditions of the ISS, breadcrumbs floated everywhere and wreaked havoc, as they fell into the eyes of astronauts. In addition, crumbs falling into electrical panels could completely destroy the space station, causing a major fire.
Since then, bread has been completely banned forspace use. In order to somehow alleviate the fate of poor astronauts, some scientists are currently developing a special technology that allows you to bake bread directly on the space station and without crumbs. Well, let's see what they get out of this.
You can't drink alcohol in space
In case astronauts may wantto relax with beer after an 8-hour spacewalk, they are waiting for an extremely unpleasant reaction from NASA. Firstly, the space agency does not want astronauts to get drunk, as this can lead to danger in case of an unforeseen situation, and secondly, zero gravity affects the bubbles, turning beer into one continuous foamy porridge. And yes, there is no beer on the ISS.
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All astronauts must learn Russian
Cosmonaut training includes not onlythe study of mathematics, physics and physical exercises - they also need to learn Russian. Yes, cosmonauts from Russia in this regard can be much easier in contrast to their foreign colleagues, for whom the study of the Russian language may seem the most difficult task during the pre-flight preparation.