The study of the planets of the solar system requiresa variety of vehicles performing various tasks. The company Ilona Mask SpaceX has successfully tested the Starhopper space module capable of vertical take-off with further movement in the horizontal plane.
Conducted at the Boca Chica training ground in Texas (USA)test flights of the prototype Starship spaceship, called Starhopper, showed a unique result - the module climbed vertically upwards by 150 meters, and then carried out a maneuver in a horizontal plane of 100 meters. Then Starhopper landed at the exact spot. Video report on a test flight posted on Twitter by Elon Musk.
A month ago, July 25, during previousTest Starhopper was able to climb 20 meters and make a side maneuver of only a few meters. Further tests were interrupted due to a fire at the launch pad. Another Starhopper module fire incident occurred during the static bench test of the Raptor engine.
Less than a year ago in November 2018, Elon Muskannounced the decision to convert the second stage of the Falcon 9 heavy rocket into one of the smaller BFR (Big Falcon Rocket) ship variants.
BFR reusable space system receivedthe second stage in the form of a Starship, equipped with six Raptor engines. At the first stage of the BFR, 31 engines will be installed. Raptor is one of the most efficient engines with the world's largest specific traction force (the ratio of traction force to engine mass). The engine runs on methane and oxygen.
BFR space system will be able to deliver tospace up to 150 tons of payload, and upon return to Earth deliver 50 tons. SpaceX plans to launch BFR for 2022. The unique ship will be able to carry up to 100 people, placed in 2-3 local cabins.
The tested Starhopper was equipped with oneRaptor Elon Musk announced that the next stage will be developed two prototypes Starship (Mk 1 and Mk 2) with three engines each. It is interesting that each project will be carried out by a separate group of research engineers and a kind of competition will take place between the teams.