The company Ilona Mask SpaceX came closeby the start of manned flights on the new Crew Dragon spaceships. On Sunday evening, January 19, the emergency rescue system (CAC) was successfully tested during which a special capsule was shot from the ship on which the emergency situation was simulated. Subsequently, 9 minutes after the launch, the capsule was brought to the surface of the Atlantic Ocean, and the Falcon 9 rocket carrier was deliberately destroyed under the influence of aerodynamic load.
Agency Commercial Crew Development ProgramNASA is aimed at creating spacecraft for manned flights, both for delivering astronauts to the ISS, and for implementing other space exploration programs. Currently, since 2011, crews have been delivered to the ISS by Russian Soyuz rockets, since the Space Shuttle program has been closed 8 years ago.
Splashdown of Crew Dragon in the Atlantic Ocean! pic.twitter.com/V1C2Xfd9Mk
- SpaceX (@SpaceX) January 19, 2020
The last successful test of CAC began withlaunch of Falcon 9 with Crew Dragon from Cape Canaveral from the SLC-40 platform. A minute and 25 seconds after a successful launch on January 19 at 18-30 (Moscow time), the Crew Dragon spacecraft separated from the Falcon 9 launch vehicle, which was destroyed from aerodynamic loading 10 seconds later.
The test program was strictly in accordancewith an outlined plan for testing security systems, and a rocket explosion was planned in advance. Destruction for the benefit of science brought Elon Musk closer to implementing the program for the launch of certified manned flights on the Crew Dragon.
After firing the capsule, the second engineSuperDraco (a total of 8 engines installed on the ship) performed a maneuver in which the ship was taken to a safe distance. Then there was a separation of the lower service compartment, and 4 parachutes opened. The flooding, shooting parachutes and evacuation of the capsule from the water was successful.
Work on security testingCrew Dragon, which is required to obtain a license for manned flights, began back in 2015 with the Pad Abort Test, during which the capsule was shot during launch. In December 2019, a new configuration of bursting diaphragm valves in the pressurization system was tested, replacing titanium valves that led to an accident during the April 2019 tests. SpaceX also tested parachute systems that provide a comfortable and safe landing for the Crew Dragon.
Upon completion of the tests, January 19, 2020 wasA press conference was held at which it was announced that the Crew Dragon ship would be fully ready for a manned flight by the end of February. However, the launch will be carried out only in the second quarter of 2020. It has also been claimed that the flight is Crew Dragon. The crew will last much longer than the 15 days planned for the expedition earlier. The exact launch date of the first manned spacecraft SpaceX will be announced later.