Modern space programs are not calculatedonly on the study of nearby planets. Russian scientists have set themselves the task of studying the remote corners of our solar system and even the activity of the Sun in the X-ray range. New satellites with a unique reusable sailing design will help provide such studies.
The spacecraft "Yarilo" was developed in"Youth Space Center" MSTU. Bauman. After launching the satellite into a given orbit using the system of flywheels and magnets, the Yarilo spins around its axis, and the centrifugal force created unfolds the sailing system designed to control the change in the trajectory of the vehicle.
The first two satellites equipped with spacesails will be put into orbit by the end of this year. "Yarila" will be left at an altitude of 600 km above the Earth, where the density of the atmosphere will allow the use of the sail as an aerodynamic brake. The developers call the flight of satellites with sails "controlled drop". The system of sails will allow transferring vehicles to a different orbit, after which they can be folded for later use.
The first space sailers will exploresolar activity in the x-ray range. The next step will be sending a satellite to the moon. When using sail technology, the journey to the Moon will take about two years at launch from the geostationary orbit.