Space probes will search for life on Venus

The last few decades, the main planetIn the solar system, on which mankind sought to discover life, there was Mars, on the surface of which several rovers have already landed, and artificial satellites fly in orbit. However, scientists from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology want to break the tradition and are developing plans to accelerate the study of the "forgotten sister" of Mars - Venus. A series of new studies under the Venus Life Finder project will be privately funded and aimed at finding life on the second planet from the Sun - Venus, which has a super-acidic atmosphere.

The new plan is executed in the tradition of MIT and is aimed atto study anomalies in the clouds of the Venusian atmosphere. These anomalies include high oxygen levels, unexplained ratios of sulfur dioxide, oxygen, and water, as well as the presence of particles of unknown composition. Also, according to unconfirmed data, phosphine gas may be present in the atmosphere of Venus, which is produced on Earth only as a result of biological and industrial processes.

The first mission of the Venus Life Finder project will belaunched in 2023 with the financial support of the Californian company Rocket Lab. A probe weighing 50 kg will travel 61 million kilometers in order to exist for only three minutes in the sulfuric atmosphere of Venus and send to Earth new data on the chemical composition and processes occurring in Venusian clouds, consisting of concentrated sulfuric acid.

The next stage of the study starts in 2026and will use the balloon for a long stay in an aggressive atmosphere. The result of this mission may be the delivery of samples of the mysterious atmosphere of Venus to Earth.

Source: mit