Research, Technology

Scientists have recreated the face of the most powerful pharaoh 2300 years after his death

Thanks to modern technology, scientistsable to recreate the faces of people who lived on Earth thousands of years ago. To do this, they need a skull, a tomography machine and a 3D modeling program. Earlier, we have already talked in detail about the achievements of scientists in this area - we showed how the astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus, the Egyptian Queen Nefertiti and Pharaoh Tutankhamun looked at one time. Recently, scientists have reached the pharaoh Ramesses II, who is considered one of the most powerful rulers of ancient Egypt. Having studied the skull, they created a model of his head and superimposed on it the details of his appearance, which are mentioned in ancient documents. As a result, they got a man whose appearance meets all the standards of beauty of the ancient Egyptian era. Let's find out how scientists recreated the appearance of Ramesses II and look at the images - what beautiful features are we talking about?

Reconstruction of the face of the Egyptian pharaoh Ramesses II

Mummy of Pharaoh Ramesses II

According to scientists, Pharaoh Ramesses II lived to 90years, that is, by the standards of those times, he was a long-liver. After his death, he was buried in his own tomb, but it was looted. Because of this, the priests had to move his mummy first to the tomb of his father Seti I, but she also became the target of the robbers. Due to numerous robberies, the remains were transferred to different tombs and, as a result, the mummy of Ramesses II ended up in the underground cache of Deir el-Bahri 320.

Entrance to the cache of Deir el-Bahri 320, in which the mummy of Ramesses II was found

This cache was found by a grave robberAbd al-Rasul in the second half of the 19th century. For a long time, he kept the location of the tomb a secret and sold ancient artifacts to tourists. This was noticed by the Egyptian authorities and soon he had to reveal the secret. The bodies of many great people of Ancient Egypt were found in the cache. In 1881, scientists found the mummy of Ramses II, and thanks to this, experts were able to recreate his appearance. It turns out that by Egyptian standards, the powerful pharaoh was a very handsome man.

Scientists believe that Ramesses II had very beautiful features

See also: Scientists have recreated the faces of the inhabitants of ancient Egypt over 2000 years old

What did the pharaoh of ancient Egypt look like?

According to researcher Caroline Wilkinson(Caroline Wilkinson) to find out what the pharaoh looked like, they put his mummy through a tomograph. After scanning the head, they created a 3D model of the skull. On the 3D model, they superimposed the muscle structure, fat layers and skin. All people have the same set of muscles but, depending on the shape of the skull, they lay down differently - thus, people have differences in faces.

The appearance of Pharaoh Ramesses II at the age of 40

To create more realisticimage, experts studied old documents. From them, they managed to find out what color the pharaoh's eyes and hair were, what kind of skin he had, whether he had spots on his face, and so on. Thanks to the collected data, they were able to recreate the face of Ramesses II at the age of 40 and when he was 90 years old, shortly before his death. In fairness, it should be noted that in old age the pharaoh hardly looked so fresh - he suffered from arthritis, suffered from pain for many years and died from blood poisoning as a result of purulent inflammation of the tissues.

Appearance of 90-year-old Ramesses II

According to radiologist Sahar Saleem,Pharaoh Ramesses II was a very handsome man. According to her, the ruler had a pronounced nose and a powerful jaw, which were very characteristic and attractive features for the Egyptians of that time. It is worth noting that the authors of the work really treated the task very responsibly. According to some reports, Pharaoh Ramses II was left-handed and red - as you can see in the images, scientists made him reddish hair.

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Successes of Pharaoh Ramesses II

Ramesses II is considered the greatest pharaohAncient Egypt for a reason. He is believed to have ruled for as much as 70 years and made a huge number of successful military campaigns, built tombs in Luxor and a temple in the rock of Abu Simbel, and was also married to at least seven women and had 40 daughters and 45 sons. Not a single ruler of Egypt could boast of such grandiose records after him.

Pharaoh Ramesses II in old age, side view

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It is worth recognizing that Ramesses II, although he was the mostthe great, more famous pharaoh is still Tutankhamun. Scientists have carefully studied his life for many years and constantly make interesting discoveries. The most shocking fact about him is that the ruler suffered from malaria, had a "cleft lip" and, in general, was far from being the healthiest person. If you want to know more about it, read this article.