In March 2019, the second part will begin.SIRIUS long isolation experiment to simulate sending people to the moon, which this time will be held for 4 months. It will be attended by both Russian testers and two participants from the aerospace agency NASA, which for the latter will be the first time. As part of the experiment, it is planned to carry out a simulated "flight" to the Moon, select a place for the future construction of the settlement and base, and then "return" back to Earth.
It is reported that up to half of the ground’s “crew”experiment can make women. On January 9-10, the medical expert commission will select 10 people. From January 14, training will begin, the results of which will select 5 people. In total, the crew will be 6 people. Four of them are Russians: two women and two men. On the American side, a couple of men and women will take part in the experiment. To date, the candidacy of one Russian participant has already been approved. They will be the cosmonaut Evgeny Tarelkin, who worked on the ISS in 2012-2013, and will be the crew captain as part of the experiment. NASA also selected two people, but their names have not yet been named.
Russians fly to the moon
Before the immediate start of the insulationthe experiment, scheduled for March 1, the crew will have to spend three days in the medical-technical ground-based experimental complex (NEC), which will serve as a spacecraft. Thus, scientists want to make sure that all participants will be ready before prolonged isolation.
As part of the experiment, imitation is planned.flight, landing and working on the moon, and returning to Earth. The plan will look like this: a week after the experiment began, the crew will reach the satellite orbit and dock to the lunar orbital station (will play the role of an analogue of the future Lunar Orbital Platform-Gateway station). Over the next two months, observations will be made of the lunar surface and a decision will be made about the landing point. In the same period, a series of docks with other transport spacecraft will be imitated.
After the landing point is finalit was determined that four crew members would simulate the landing on the descent module, after which a series of group (2-3 people) exits to the surface would be conducted.
To make things more realistic,used a virtual reality system, mounted in the spacesuit helmets of astronauts. The floor of the pavilion, in which the simulation experiment will take place, will be covered with sand, imitating lunar regolith. In addition, in the course of communication with the Earth, for a maximum realism, a five-minute communication delay will be simulated, as well as other abnormal situations. It is noted that the connection between the participants and the experiment and the Earth can "disappear" up to 5 days.
During the phase of imitation of work on the surface of the moon(will last about 10 days), the colleagues “remaining in orbit” will provide the “disembarked” cosmonauts with various technical assistance, as well as consultations. During the final phase of the experiment, before the “return” back to Earth, the crew will make a four-week flyby of the moon, and will also imitate the remote control of the lunar rovers.
As part of the whole experiment, physicians from the Institute of Biomedical Problems (IMBP RAS), as well as their colleagues from NASA, will follow the subjects.
Recall that the SIRIUS project isa series of experiments to simulate the conditions of a long interplanetary flight of a mixed (both nationally and gender-based) crew under autonomy. Within the framework of the first stage, held in November 2017, the participants in the experiment were in conditions isolated from the outside world for 17 days. In the framework of the second stage, which will begin in March next year, a four-month experiment is planned. At the end of 2019 - early 2020, scientists are going to hold the next stage, which will have to last for 8 months. The period of the annual experiment is planned for 2020-2021. Earlier it was also noted that there may be several annual stages. In addition, the possibility of conducting even longer stages of the experiment is being considered.
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