At the moment in Russia there are about 60000 patients with lung cancer, and 80% of them can not be cured by surgical methods. Those who are not contraindicated in operations are usually completely removed from the affected lung, but subsequently these patients still die, not from cancer, but from cardiac pathologies. In the St. Petersburg NMIC Oncology named N.N. Petrova developed a surgical method for the treatment of lung cancer, which does not imply their complete removal. This further allows patients to lead a quiet life without complications.
The method is called bronchoplastic lobectomy,which means removal of the tumor while maintaining a healthy part of the organ. In this case, surgeons connect two bronchi by entering one of them into the other. This approach allows you to close the channel of hollow organs formed during the operation by the patient’s “native” muscle flap. Subsequently, a person has a lower risk of complications, while with complete removal of the lung, he may have fatal heart problems.
The surgical method is already well established.practice yourself. In 2018, the surgeon Evgeny Levchenko performed 50 such operations, and to date, he has 260 lives saved in this way. On average, in Russia with lung cancer, bronchoplasty is used only in 5–10% of cases, but in the N. N. N. Oncology NICC. Petrov, he already used much more often than the complete removal of the body.
This operation is considered extremely difficult, and forIts implementation is required not only by an experienced surgeon, but also by a reliable team of anesthesiologists and resuscitators. Recently, Evgeny Levchenko held a master class on bronchoplasty, in which more than 100 physicians took part. It is possible that such an approach was applied in medicine and earlier, it was simply not documented.
Recall that in 2018, scientists developedmethod of detecting lung cancer in its early stages. For this, analysis of exosomes contained in human blood and saliva is used. More information about this can be found in our material.
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