Technology

Roscosmos would like to send Russian astronauts to the moon in 2031, but there is a problem

The first Russian manned mission to the mooncosmonauts will be held in 2031, reports RIA Novosti, referring to the TsNIImash document, which is at its disposal, the head scientific institute of the Roscosmos State Corporation. After that, such flights are planned to be carried out annually. During the first expedition, the crew will be engaged in “carrying out work on the tasks of the RAS”, explained in the document.

A year later, the satellite of the Earth is planneddeliver a heavy controlled lunar rover with which astronauts can move along the surface. In the same year of 2032, it is planned to hold a second manned expedition, in the framework of which the Russian crew will be engaged in conducting tests of a manned lunar rover.

During the expedition of 2033 it is plannedconducting long trips on a heavy lunar rover, as well as carrying out tests of some robotic systems, details of which are not reported yet. In 2034 it is planned to begin, and in 2035 - to continue the construction of the Russian lunar base. The working title of the expeditions is M1, M2, M3, M4 and M5.

Before the start of the manned expedition, in 2028 andIn 2029, two test launches of the new Yenisei super-heavy launch vehicle are planned to be used for flights to the Moon. Its design should be completed by November of this year. The most likely final appearance of the rocket implies the use of six side accelerators based on the RD-171MV engines, as well as the central unit with the RD-180 engine.

During the first test launch in 2028testing of the landing complex is planned. In 2029, it is planned to fly around the moon with the help of the layout of the manned ship "Federation".

Already within the framework of actual manned expeditionsto the moon, it is planned to carry out double launches of a new superheavy launch vehicle. So, one of the missiles will launch a manned spacecraft into orbit, the second will carry out a landing complex for landing and subsequent take-off from the lunar surface, as well as other scientific and technical equipment, to the Earth’s satellite.

Earlier, the head of the state corporation "Roscosmos" DmitryRogozin reported through Twitter about the assembly of the first RD-171MV engine for the Soyuz-5 rocket at the Energomash enterprise. Installation prepares for the first fire tests. Rogozin said that the power of this engine has no equal.

The first RD-171MV engine for the latest rocketmiddle class Soyuz-5 "Irtysh" assembled in the Moscow region "NPO Energomash" and is preparing for fire tests. In terms of power, it has no equal in the world pic.twitter.com/YN5KrBn0iy

- Dmitry Rogozin (@Rogozin) February 8, 2019

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RD-171MB is based on the most powerful in the world.liquid engine RD-170, various modifications of which were used in the Soviet super-heavy rocket "Energy" and Russian-Ukrainian missiles of the Zenit family. According to available information, upgrading the engine for use in the Soyuz-5 rocket will cost about 7 billion rubles. A fully working version of the engine is going to be delivered in 2021, and the first launch of the Soyuz-5 rocket based on this engine is scheduled for 2022.

Updated: In conversation with TASS journalists, counselorAlexander Bloshenko, Roscosmos Director General for Science, said that the Yenisei missile program has not yet been approved by the Russian government. Accordingly, the Ministry of Finance did not allocate money for the project, so the question of a roadmap for the exploration of the moon is still open.

“There are no approved missions or a specific date for the first manned flight,” explained Blouchenko.

The scientific adviser added that according to the decreeRussian President Vladimir Putin, the first launch of the Yenisei launch vehicle is to take place by 2028. However, "without an understanding of the scope and rate of funding for the program, it is impossible to develop a concept of flights and exploration of the moon." In the end, the Moon is supposed to launch not only manned expeditions. Before the possibility of carrying out such projects will require the development and launching of descent vehicles, the launch of satellite repeaters, moon rovers for the movement of Russian expedition crews, automatic reconnaissance vehicles. Nobody allocated money for all this.

“We would ask to refrain fromspeculation on this. As soon as all the necessary decisions have been made, we will be happy to officially present our vision of the scenario for the exploration of the moon, ”summed up Bloshenko.

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