ExoMars "is a joint project of Roscosmos andEuropean Space Agency EKA to search for life on the Red Planet. It consists of two stages, the first of which was successfully completed in 2016 - the orbital module "Trace Gas Orbiter" safely entered the planet orbit and sent the first pictures a year later. The second stage is scheduled for the summer of 2020 - the Rosalind Mars rover and the Kazachok landing platform will go to the Red Planet. Preparation is in full swing, as evidenced by the report of Roskosmos on the start of assembly and testing of the platform.
The development of the device "Kazachok" is held inthe Italian city of Turin. It was produced at the Russian NPO Lavochkina, and the European partners of Roskosmos will be engaged in adding new tools and testing existing ones. Ultimately, the landing platform will be connected to the Rosalind Mars rover, which is equipped with a system of panoramic cameras, a drilling rig, and tools such as a radar, a spectrometer and an analyzer of organic molecules.
The main function of the landing platform issoft landing rover on the surface of the Red Planet. The arriving vehicle first of all will drill a two-meter hole on the planet for further soil analysis. The rover will be able to move, and the “Kazachok” will remain in place, but will still be engaged in research in the landing zone.
Scientists expect that during the ExoMars missionwill be able to detect organic compounds that have long been somehow on Earth. If this is true, scientists will be able to take a fresh look at the history of the Earth.
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