Israel has become the seventh country in the worldmanaged to deliver the spacecraft to the satellite of our planet. After six weeks from the moment of all the corrective maneuvers, the Bereshit module of a private Israeli company, SpaceIL, successfully turned on the engines, broke away from the Earth’s attraction, and went into lunar orbit. But this historic achievement for a small robot is only the beginning of his truly epic adventure. In a week, the spacecraft will have to land on the surface of the moon. If this event, scheduled for April 11, succeeds, then Bereshit will be the first private spacecraft to succeed in gently landing on the surface of the satellite.
"The lunar seizure itself is historicalan event for us, but it also allows Israel to join a club from seven countries that managed to reach the orbit of the satellite of our planet. In a week we will try to make this historic event even more memorable by placing the device on the surface of the moon, thereby joining the list of countries that managed to do it, ”commented the successful progress of the mission by SpaceIL head Morris Kahn.
Employees of the companies SpaceIL and Aerospace Engineering (created the device) celebrating the successful entry of the landing module “Bereshita” into the lunar orbit on April 4, 2019
So far, only three countries in the worldmanaged to make a soft landing on the moon: the USSR, the USA and China - three superpowers who invested huge amounts of money in these space programs. Therefore, financially, for Israel this is also a kind of victory - the cost of the entire Bereshita mission cost its “only” 100 million dollars to its organizers. At the same time, the main contribution to its financing was made by private investors.
In the first few weeks after launchBereshit successfully completed all the planned maneuvers needed to reach the trajectory of rapprochement with the Moon and reached the planned target. At five o'clock in the evening in Moscow, the module turned on its main engine for six minutes. This allowed him to reduce the speed of movement for a thousand kilometers per hour and move from near-earth to lunar orbit.
Now the first Israeli moon rover rotatesa fairly elongated trajectory around the moon, moving away from it by 10,000 kilometers at the apogee (furthest point) and approaching its surface by 500 kilometers. The mission team in the near future plans to start the vehicle’s engines several more times in order to adjust its orbit, making it more circular. In addition, it will bring the module to the landing path.
According to the current plans of SpaceIL, landing"Bereshita" on the moon should be held on April 11, the day before the day of astronautics. If everything goes well, the probe will make several jumps on the surface of the moon, take a lot of photographs, and will also conduct research on the magnetic satellite and other scientific observations until its batteries work and the electronics do not overheat.
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