Many of us are well aware that planetsrevolve around stars, stars revolve around the galactic center, and galaxies, in turn, revolve around the hypothetical Great Attractor. However, did you know that planets can revolve not only around the stars we are familiar with, but even around black holes? A pioneering study of the last days could reveal the secret of a phenomenon whose nature could only be hypothetically described in the stories of science fiction writers of the 20th century.
What will happen to the planet if there is a black hole nearby?
A black hole is a gigantic space object,whose gravity is so great that not even the smallest and fastest photon of light can leave its surroundings. Despite the fact that previously it was universally believed that black holes are a kind of single space wanderers, a study by specialists from the University of Bordeaux can completely refute this statement. So, scientists were able to prove that supermassive black holes are able to acquire their own planets, which, in order not to be swallowed by their formidable neighbor, should be located at a distance of 10 light-years from it.
Due to the fact that supermassive black holesthey are huge objects that are hundreds or even thousands of times larger than our Sun. Up to 10,000 planets of various sizes can exist around such giant formations, creating original solar systems in such an original way.
In case the black hole turns out to be randomway too close to his planet, then for the latter it will not turn out to be anything good. It may seem to an outside observer that the planet just froze in space without any movement, however, in fact, an object approaching a black hole will be almost immediately torn to pieces. A similar effect is due to the fact that the time around the black hole is strongly curved due to its colossal gravity, from which even the smallest photons of light cannot escape.
See also: “Sound black hole” will help solve the paradox formulated by Stephen Hawking
How are planets formed?
It is believed that planets are usually formedparticles of dust and gas gathering together around a star, which gradually accumulates to create a solid celestial body - for example, in the Milky Way. Astronomers have found that similar clouds of gas and dust that gather in protoplanetary disks around young stars behave in exactly the same manner as supermassive black holes.
Earlier observations of supermassiveblack holes showed that such space objects show a strong time dilation, which can even slow down the formation of planets. Despite this, scientists were able to find that planets located at a distance of 10 to 30 light-years can undergo a process of formation similar to planets from ordinary stellar systems.
If you like this article, I invite you to join our channel in Yandex.Zen or Telegram, where you can find even more useful information from the world of popular science and technology.
In other words, it’s quite possible that it’s alreadysoon we will be able to witness the discovery of millions of completely new worlds, the concept of formation of which differs from the standard, which makes it even more interesting for search and potential study.