Scientists almost every month remind us ofthe dangers of global warming, saying that a gradual rise in Earth’s temperature may lead to a decrease in drinking water supplies, the extinction of animals and other dire consequences. For many of us, this whole panic around climate change is still not clear, because in Russia, as a rule, hot weather gives way to cold weather and this is considered normal. And if the air temperature rises by a couple of degrees - what the hell can happen? Yes, we still can not notice the consequences of global warming, but they are clearly visible in Australia, because algae and fish are massively dying there.
Gradual increase in the average temperature of the Earthleads to an increase in the number of droughts and floods. Of course, all these weather phenomena have a great impact on both plant life and animal life. Damaged during droughts and floods, plants and other living organisms are trying to recover, but this takes a long time. Most likely, they will not be able to return to their original, healthy state, because the destructive weather phenomena occur more and more often.
Consequences of global warming
According to the calculations of scientists, due to globalwarming of weather events, about 45% of the coastal areas of Australia have already suffered. In the period from 2011 to 2017, excessively dry weather caused damage to corals and algae growing near the coast. But they are shelter and food for many aquatic inhabitants - having lost all of this, many fish, turtles and crustaceans simply began to die.
Healthy algae (left) and dead algae (right)
One of the most powerful shocks on the coastlineAustralia was applied in 2011 - then the average temperature in this region increased by 4 degrees Celsius. Even such a difference in temperature has caused biologists to notice discolored coral reefs for more than 1,000 kilometers. It is known that the loss of coral color means stopping their growth and destruction. Thus, due to global warming, many fish, sponges and sea turtles have lost their natural habitat.
Healthy and dead sea grass
Bleached corals were also spotted in 2013,2016 and 2017 Damage also received the so-called Great Barrier Reef, which extends along the coast of Australia for as much as 2500 kilometers and is visible even from space. It was also noticed that extreme natural phenomena destroyed mangrove forests located in the northern part of Australia.
Healthy mangrove forest (left) and dead mangrove forest (right)
Damaged coral reefs and forests are tryingrecover, however, it may take more than 15 years. If we talk about the restoration of the population of some species of aquatic inhabitants, such as sharks, the recovery may take more than 60 years. In order to provide nature with comfort, it is important for humanity to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
This is interesting: How hot can it be on Earth?
Heat in Europe
Still do not believe in the danger of globalwarming? Take a look at the headlines of news publications, which at the end of July and say about the abnormally high temperature in European countries. So, starting from July 25, in Germany, the thermometers rise to 40 degrees Celsius. The same high temperature is observed in the Netherlands, Belgium and France.
Record hot weather from space. The brighter the red, the higher the temperature
Abnormally high temperature already existsserious consequences. For example, the authorities of France and Germany had to temporarily stop the operation of nuclear power plants, which is why people get quite large bills for electricity. It was impossible to manage without partial closure of the stations, because the rivers were so hot that their water could no longer cool nuclear reactors.
It seems, it is time for people to move to Siberia?
The cause of the abnormally high temperature is consideredthe formation of high pressure areas over Greenland and north-central Europe. Because of them, the air mass, which could cool the air, cannot penetrate the territory of European countries. At the moment, the country is affected only by hot air coming from the desert.
Maybe you have already noticed the effects of global warming in Russia? You can share your answer in the comments, or in our Telegram chat.