This week NASA and the European SpaceThe agency (ESA) has entered into a partnership agreement on cooperation on the Artemis Gateway project, the main goal of which will be the creation of the Gateway space station, designed to provide a man-made landing on the moon and develop technologies for preparing a Mars mission. The NASA-ESA partnership is one of the milestones in building a global coalition to promote the Artemis project. According to NASA, partnerships with other coalition members will be formalized in the near future; Russia has also expressed interest in cooperation on the development of the Gateway project.
NASA plans to use the Gateway stationto support the Orion spacecraft's planned flight to the moon in 2024. The station will be one-sixth the size of the current International Space Station. The Gateway will be built using modular technology, and it will be located at the Lagrange point between the Earth and the Moon. In this orbit, the station is deprived of protection from solar radiation, but the balanced state of gravitational forces creates an ideal condition for creating a transshipment point. A flight to the moon from Gateway station will take only a few hours.
European Space Agency, according tothe signed agreements will provide residential and refueling modules for Gateway, and will also ensure their further operation. The refueling module will house the main crew windows. Another challenge for ESA will be to create reliable communications systems for the lunar mission.
ESA will also provide two additionalEuropean Service Module (ESM) for NASA's Orion spacecraft. These modules will power Orion in space in future Artemis missions, as well as provide the crew with air and water.
In addition to securing missions to the surfaceMoon, Gateway will support testing activities for technology required for human travel to Mars. Using the station, NASA will test the remote control and long-term reliability of autonomous space systems and other technologies.