Crop circles, also known as agroglyphs,are giant geometric patterns formed by crushed plants growing in the fields. As a rule, they look like rings, circles, spirals, or even complex patterns. The latter are usually formed by straight lines, circles and other figures. The first mention of this mysterious phenomenon, albeit a very controversial one, is in the brochure "Devil Mower", published in 1678. It is also believed that agroglyphs are described in the fairy tale “The Little Humpbacked Horse” by Pyotr Ershov, which was published in 1834. Agroglyphs vary in size, some of them are so large that they can only be seen from an airplane or helicopter. But how and why do they appear? Despite the fact that this phenomenon has been studied for decades, and there are even entire communities involved in the study of crop circles, there is still no answer to this question. There are a variety of hypotheses, from frankly absurd to quite deserving of attention.
- 1 History of crop circles
- 2 The most mysterious agglyph
- 3 How crop circles occur
- 4 Crop circles - a global hoax?
History of crop circles
Despite the fact that the first mention of circles onfields are attributed, as mentioned above, to 1678, according to Australian Geographic, the phenomenon was first recorded in 1966, when an Australian farmer in Tully claimed to have seen a flying saucer, supposedly taking off from a swampy area. When he went with other farmers to explore the area from which the UFO allegedly took off, he found a circle formed by crumpled grass.
However, according to Australian Geographic, the circle couldappear as a result of unusual behavior of animals. In addition, many experts generally refuse to consider this case the first evidence of the emergence of agroglyphs. As in the case of the "Devil Mower", the mention of circles in this story is indirect. This case can rather be called another evidence of a UFO. In addition, the circle arose on wild grass, and not on a field sown with a certain crop.
In fact, the first true crop circles wererecorded only in the 1970s. But the cases of their appearance became especially frequent only in the 80s and 90s of the last century. Moreover, according to the data in the Nature article, the circles during this period of time became more complex, representing various geometric patterns. Almost all of them were recorded in England.
The most mysterious agroglyph
According to experts, one of the mostcomplex and spectacular agroglyphs was recorded in July 1996 in the Wiltshire countryside, not far from the famous Stonehenge. These circles are called "Julia's set". If simple agroglyphs can be explained by some weather phenomena, then in the “Julia set” the intelligence of its creator (or creators) is clearly traced.
According to eyewitnesses, this circle aroseless than an hour, and during the daytime. If this is indeed true, which cannot be entirely certain, the hoaxers would be beyond their capacity to accomplish such a task.
How Crop Circles Occur
First of all, I note that, unlike othermysterious phenomena such as psychic abilities, telepathy, the souls of the dead, etc., crop circles are really real. That is, the very fact of this phenomenon cannot be disputed. Questions are only the nature of their occurrence.
Surely you have heard the theory of ufologists, supposedly circleson the fields create aliens. But the very fact that mankind has been trying to solve this riddle for half a century, and still cannot find the answer, does not fit in with it. Agree, if representatives of extraterrestrial civilizations really wanted to get in touch with us or provide any information, they would choose a simpler and more understandable way for us. Therefore, we will immediately discard the version associated with UFOs and messages from outer space.
According to a popular theory in the early 1980s,crop circles result from the sexual activity of hedgehogs. But then it was abandoned in favor of other versions. According to one of them, the circles are the result of small whirlwinds, which are formed as a result of strong air currents. Such eddies are not uncommon in the hilly regions of the UK.
Some specialists in the field of such naturalphenomena like tornadoes, even claims that crop circles create plasma swirls. The fact is that some eyewitnesses claim to have seen glowing lights above the circles. They can be caused by dust particles. Fall into a charged vortex flow, they can begin to emit light.
Some experts believe that crop circlesformed by fireballs or even one type of termite. By the way, some ants sometimes really begin to massively move in a circle, forming the so-called circles of death. But in this case, the ants have nothing to do with this, since their corpses were not found in the place of the agroglyphs.
Crop circles - a global hoax?
Skeptics claim that the only reasonthe emergence of circles are people. For example, in 1991, two men admitted that they had been creating such patterns with their own hands for decades. According to them, they were inspired by the above incident, which occurred near the town of Tully. The men joked in this way and tried to convince people that a UFO had landed on the fields. True, they did not say that they created absolutely all the circles. But, quite possibly, the rest of the circles were created by their imitators. That is, the hoax could take on a mass character.
The theory of hoaxers is also supported bythe fact that the circles usually appear at night. And all of them are located near the roads. It is extremely rare for patterns to occur in hard-to-reach, remote areas. Therefore, they are noticed, as a rule, by drivers of passing cars.
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This version currently looks the mostbelievable. However, there are still many enthusiasts around the world who continue to explore crop circles. In their opinion, not all circles are a hoax. The proof of this is allegedly the presence of some complex changes in the structure of plants that cannot be recreated with available technology. In addition, some circles are large and complex in design, so people could not create them overnight. Whether this is true, time will tell. Surely sooner or later, an irrefutable explanation for crop circles is sure to be found.