An international group of scientists consisting ofgeologists, glaciologists, biologists, cartographers, climatologists, mountaineers and just romantics during the expedition of the National Geographic Society and the Nepalese Tribhuvan University in partnership with Rolex installed five weather stations on Everest. Two of them were set up by a diversified team of daredevils at a record height for such installations - 7945 meters and 8430 meters.
In addition, the researchers conducted a comprehensivestudy the Everest ecosystem to understand how they are affected by global climate change. The results of the work done reports National Geographic and the press release of the University of Maine.
Expedition to Everest
In early 2019, the National Geographicthe company launched the Perpetual Planet Extreme Expeditions project, within which it is planned to conduct a series of research expeditions. The task of each is to study the effects of climate change in the mountains, rainforests and oceans. In April, launched the first expedition to Everest. It was attended by 30 experts from 8 countries, including 17 researchers from Nepal.
“This is a new window on the world,” commented Paul Maevski, head of the expedition from the University of Maine, on the work done.
In mid-April, the group reached base campon Everest (altitude more than 5000 meters), where she collected the most accurate photometric about this place. For this purpose, scientists have actively used drones. In the future, in combination with aerial photographs, this will allow you to create the most detailed map of the area.
Over the next two months, the expeditionstudied the Everest ecosystem in order to understand how they are affected by climate change. In the course of their work, scientists found life at a record height, two kinds of insects. At around 5,500 meters, researchers found a centipede, and a hundred meters higher - caddis.
Having risen higher, scientists took samples from the highestGlacier of the planet (core), located at an altitude of 8020 meters, as well as samples of snow and water of glacial lakes, including samples for microplastic. Kern, like the rings of trees, is able to tell scientists about what happened to the glacier during its formation. Thus, further analysis of this material will help to understand how the atmospheric conditions on Everest changed in the process of industrialization and global climate change.
“Global climate change is one ofmost difficult problems that humanity had to face. And there is still much to learn about how this global warming has already changed our planet from the highest year to the deepest oceans, ”comments Jonathan Bailey, vice president and chief scientific expert of the National Geographic Society
Installation of the highest altitude meteorological station at elevation 8430 meters
Photo for memory after successful installation
Where is the highest altitude meteorological station?
During the expedition, meteorologists also installedEverest five automatic weather stations. One of them was located at a record height of 8430 meters. All stations will be used to monitor temperature, relative humidity, pressure, as well as wind speed and direction. The data they receive will be available to researchers, climbers and the general public in near real time.
It should be noted that the title of the highestweather station also belonged to the system installed on Everest. It is located at 8000 meters and was installed by Italian scientists in 2011 as part of the research project Everest Share 2011. And the most high-altitude meteorological station in Russia, Sulak, is located in Dagestan - it is set at an altitude of 2927 meters.
Not so long ago, we reported that on Everestwas carried out general cleaning. The mountain was cleaned of rubbish and corpses of unfortunate daredevils who were not lucky to conquer this majestic summit of the world.
Photos of National Geogrpaphic.
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