While the satellite of our planet reflects the sunlight and illuminates the Earth, we rarely think about how our life on the moon can be. And when we imagine it, we think of a lot of amazing moments, including the erection on the moon, for example, a lunapark, just like in films and animated series. Meanwhile, a satellite of the Earth can be a dangerous place for humans. And the point is not that there is no atmosphere on the moon and there is nothing to breathe. The danger lies in moon dust, which is actually classified as dangerous. But why?
What dangers await us in space and on the moon?
To begin with, space itself isunfavorable environment for humans. Not so long ago, we told you about the results of one of the latest studies, according to which, even 50 days spent in space are fraught with impaired blood flow and the formation of blood clots in the jugular veins. Among the other dangers of outer space, cosmic radiation and weightlessness stand out most clearly. But even if we assume that somehow we will bypass all these problems and build bases / lunar parks on the moon, our satellite will still be a danger due to moon dust.
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When the astronauts of the Apollo missions first set footto the surface of the moon, the first thing they noticed was the lack of wind. Because of this, lunar dust practically does not move on the surface and its individual particles have rather sharp edges. On Earth, the wind hones over sharp edges over time, so that they cannot harm us in any way, and on the Moon they can cause a lot of problems. Not only is it dangerous to breathe - after landing on the moon, astronauts return to the spacecraft and take off their helmets that may have dust left on - such dust can damage the fabrics and materials of the spacesuit. So, one of the astronauts named Harrison Schmitt, after unintentional accidental contact with moon dust during one of his missions, experienced an attack of uncontrolled sneezing, excessive eye irritation and clogged sinuses.
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Moreover, a number of scientific studies have shown thatwhen inhaled by moon dust, it can interact with body fluids, creating the so-called hydroxyl radicals. Unfortunately, extracting this material from your body will not be easy. And if moon dust can tear a spacesuit, imagine what it can do with your lungs. Due to the fact that NASA plans to send a man to the moon by 2024 under the Artemis program, and China and Russia intend to build their bases on the moon, researchers from around the world have to solve the problem of moon dust, since the safety and health of future astronauts is the main priority.