University of Arizona Scientists Inspiredthe biblical story of Noah's ark, presented a futuristic project of preserving biological samples of life in the event of a global catastrophe. This is not the first such project, however, the very location of the storage facility is unique, which it was decided to transfer to the natural satellite of the Earth - the Moon. It is assumed that the "lunar ark" will store cryogenically frozen samples of seeds, spores, sperm and eggs from 6.7 million species of flora and fauna on Earth.
Lunar storage, or "modern globalinsurance policy "is supposed to be placed under the surface of the Moon in caves and tunnels of natural origin, formed during the formation of the satellite. The power supply of the "ark" will be provided by solar power plants located on the surface. Scientists estimate that it will take about 250 rocket launches to transport the genetic material of 6.7 million types of terrestrial life. This figure is not fantastic when you consider that the construction of the ISS required 40 rocket launches.
The creation of the "lunar ark" is necessary to protectnature from the consequences of a global catastrophe, such as the fall of a giant meteorite, thermonuclear war, global flood and other apocalyptic events. The existing genetic data bank Svalbard, located in Norway on Svalbard, according to scientists, is vulnerable, for example, to flooding by the ocean in the event of global warming.
The proposed project to date cannotbe fully implemented due to the lack of some technical solutions. Nevertheless, over the next 30 years, all problems can be successfully overcome, which will make it possible to create a reliable "lunar ark".
Scientists from Arizona believe that in the eventglobal catastrophe and the presence of such a repository, civilization will get another chance to initiate the "restart" procedure. Placing the "ark" on the moon is the best option. The advantage over the Martian variant is associated with the short time required to transport the samples: the journey to the Moon lasts only four days. Placing the Ark in Earth's orbit has several disadvantages associated with the vulnerability of the station and a possible change in orbit.
The main advantage of the lunar project isan almost ready-made storage infrastructure, for which it is possible to use the lava tunnels discovered under the lunar surface in 2013. These structures formed billions of years ago when lava flows cut their way through the soft rocks below the surface to form underground caverns. The lunar lava tube network has a diameter of about 100 meters.
Untouched for 3 to 4 billion years, they could provide shelter for the storage facility from solar radiation, micrometeorites and changes in surface temperature.
At the first stage, at the suggestion of scientists,create a map of the lava tunnels, choose a place to build a base and start preparing for the creation of the "ark". A part of the base, located above the surface, can be created already now, and for the implementation of the crypto storage project, global funding will be needed, the use of the technical power of all mankind, as well as the solution of some technical issues that are inaccessible at the current level of technology development.
The main storage problem isthe need to keep samples at low temperatures in the range from minus 180 (plants) to minus 196 (stem cells of living organisms) degrees Celsius. Only robots will be able to service such a storage, however, they will also "freeze" to the surface at such low temperatures. Therefore, engineers from Arizona propose to use the phenomenon of quantum levitation, in which miniature robots called SphereX in groups enter a lava tube through two or three elevator shafts punctured.
Using quantum levitation, in theorywhich is a supercharged version of magnetism that uses superconducting materials to fix objects in a magnetic field, creating conditions in which "shelves of samples will float over metal surfaces and allow robots to move around the object over magnetic tracks."
Currently a practical solution forThere is no quantum levitation yet, but Arizona scientists believe that over the 30 years required for exploration, planning and preparation of the "lunar ark" energy block, scientists will create such mechanisms.