Space

Launched the second Russian experiment to simulate flights to the moon

March 18 in Moscow began the second partSIRIUS long isolation experiment to simulate sending people to the moon. The experiment this time will last four months (120 days), whereas for the first time the crew “flew” to the Moon 17 days, and is carried out by the Institute of Biomedical Problems of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

As part of the experience is plannedsimulated "flight" to the moon, choose a place for the future construction of the settlement and base, and then "return" back to Earth. The crew consists of three women and three men, who at about 14 hours Moscow time closed the hatches of the module in order to spend 120 days on the expedition. They are headed by an experienced cosmonaut, Evgeny Tarelkin, who worked on the ISS in 2012-2013. All crew members went through a tough medical expert commission and spent three days in the medical-technical ground-based experimental complex (NEC), which served as a spacecraft.

This is a unique experience for astronauts whowill be able to feel not only the flight to the Moon, but also the landing, without the risk of not going back to Earth. To make the events more real, a virtual reality system is used, mounted in astronauts' spacecraft helmets, and the floor of the pavilion is covered with a special material that simulates lunar regolith. Moreover, the experiment does not exclude the occurrence of emergency situations, including the loss of communication with the Earth within 5 days.

According to the plan, astronauts will spend a week toreach the orbit of the satellite. Then they will dock to the lunar orbital station, determine the landing site and simulate the landing on the descent module, after which a series of group exits to the surface will be conducted (no more than three people at a time).

As the final phase of the experiment, the crew will make a four-week flight around the moon and try to remotely control the lunar rovers. After this, the astronauts will "return" to Earth.

SIRIUS experiment conducted on the basis of the Institutebiomedical problems (IMBP), so its goal is to explore other aspects of future flights. For example, the state of the experiment participants who will independently try to distribute roles, learn to live in a new environment, interact, work and relax in a confined space, which is also important in future flights, will be studied. The experiment participants will eat not oysters, but space food from the rations of the Russian Cosmopit. So all is serious.

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