The very first details about Jupiter werereceived by Voyager-1 and Voyager-2 probes at the end of the twentieth century. Today, they were replaced by the NASA Juno spacecraft, which is the second automatic interplanetary station of the New Horizons mission. The launch of Juno took place on August 5, 2011. The mission's goal is to study the gravitational and magnetic fields of the gas giant, as well as to check for the presence of a solid core in Jupiter. Recently, having studied the data, scientists found that the amount of water in the atmosphere of Jupiter is greater than previously thought. The study is published in the journal Nature.
How much water is in the gas giant?
The amount of water on Jupiter interested scientists infor decades. Water is the most important molecule for the development of life. But it is important not only because of our tireless search for life, which is different from the earthly one, but also because it is a key element for the formation of worlds. Therefore, in order to find out exactly how much water on the planets of the solar system it is necessary to understand which theories of planet formation are the most accurate. Recently, we told you that by studying the most ancient asteroid of the Solar system “Arrokot”, astronomers have refuted the generally accepted theory of planet formation.
You can always stay abreast of the latest discoveries from the world of science and high technology thanks to our news channel on Telegram. Subscribe!
Researchers have now provided decryptiondata collected by the Juno interplanetary station on the amount of water in the atmosphere of Jupiter. It turned out that there is much more water at the equator of the planet than experts expected. These data indicate that Jupiter did not form as a result of the merger of a large number of comet-like objects. Recall that in December 1995, NASA launched the Galileo probe to collect data on the amount of water in the gas giant. The data obtained indicated that there is very little water on Jupiter. However, Galileo's measurements were not brought to an end, since the device failed. At that time, researchers believed that there was virtually no water or ammonia in the atmosphere of the gas giant. However, when the Galileo probe got into the atmosphere of Jupiter, it did not find traces of water, however, as it plunged into the atmosphere, its concentration continued to increase.
What do you think is under the clouds of the gas giant? Share your opinion in the comments and also with the participants of our Telegram chat
According to the authors of the study, Juno datashowed that there is more water on the gas giant than the Galileo probe showed. Moreover, the atmosphere of Jupiter is not very well mixed, and everything that is much lower than the clouds of the largest planet in the solar system is a mystery that has yet to be solved. No one would have guessed that water could be so volatile all over the planet.
Why is it important?
Researchers have long been interested in “Greatseparation ”is a complete mystery when the planets of the solar system formed. The exact amount of water on the gas giant is of interest to scientists, since it is likely that Jupiter is the first formed planet, which contains most of the gas and dust that were not included in our star. Moreover, the amount of water is also important for the weather and the structure of Jupiter. Juno will continue to revolve around the gas giant until July 2021, after which the station will decay into the atmosphere of the planet, like Saturn's research probe Cassini.