Space

Jupiter has 5 new satellites

The handsome Jupiter today isa real champion in the number of satellites. This unusual planet has as many as 79 of them - significantly more than the rest of the solar system! In early 2017, as many as 5 new moons were discovered on a giant planet. The names for them were not chosen right away, but only after 2 years. What was the name of the new moon and why did scientists drag for so long? In this article we will answer all your questions.

Jupiter is a real champion in the number of open satellites

How many moons does Jupiter have?

Despite the fact that Jupiter currently hasthere is a whole suite of nearly 80 satellites of various shapes and sizes, the most famous moons of the giant planet are Ganymede, Callisto, Io and Europe. Each of these satellites is truly unique. So, Ganymede is considered the largest moon in the solar system, Callisto and Europe contain subglacial oceans, and Io is considered the most explosive place among all the planets and satellites of our star system.

Picturesque Io - the most explosive object in the solar system

75 other moons of Jupiter, among which5 new members of the huge Jupiterian family also conked up, more like not full-fledged satellites, but like asteroids captured by the planet, which tried to get into the inner part of the solar system, but could not do this because of the huge attraction of Jupiter. Among the small satellites of the planet, Amalthea, Adrastea, and Metis stand out most often, which, although they have a very irregular shape, stand out from the rest with their somewhat large sizes.

An approximate image of the satellite of Jupiter Amalthea, named after the ancient Greek goat, who nourished the baby of Jupiter-Zeus with its milk

What do the 5 new moons of Jupiter look like?

Despite the fact that all the Jupiterian moons aretraditions should be named after characters from Greek or Roman mythology, astronomers from the Carnegie Institute decided to organize a public contest, based on which it would be possible to determine the names of the newly discovered satellites. Competition does not abolish tradition. According to the rules, all Jupiterian moons must be named after the descendants or wives of Zeus or Jupiter. It was also possible to see in the list of restrictions that the satellites could not be called by names containing more than 16 characters or any offensive words in modern languages ​​of the world.

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After all, the research teamfocused on five names that have recently been approved by the International Astronomical Union (IAU). The new names of the moons of Jupiter sound like Pandia, Ersa, Eirin, Filofrosin and Euphem. The sizes of the moons vary from 1 to 3 kilometers in width, with Pandia being the largest among them.

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Pandia (formerly S / 2017 J4) is “the daughter of Zeus and the moon goddess Selena,” as well as the “full moon goddess and sister of Erza,” according to a press release.

Pandia is a good name for a giant planet satellite

Ersa (formerly S / 2018 J1) is “the sister of Pandia, as well as the daughter of Zeus and the moon goddess Selena”

Eirin (formerly S / 2003 J5) was the goddess of the world and the daughter of Zeus and Themis.

Eirin is a typical irregularly shaped asteroid captured by Jupiter

Filofrosina (formerly S / 2003 J15) was a spirit of hospitality and kindness, at one time she was the granddaughter of Zeus and the sister of Euphemia.

Euphemia (formerly S / 2003 J3) was a spirit of praise and a good omen, and in addition was the granddaughter of Zeus and the sister of Filofrosina.

According to ancient Greek mythology, Euphemia was the granddaughter of Zeus. After a couple of thousand years, the asteroid drawn by Jupiter began to be called her name.

By the way, maybe you also have your own original name ideas for the new moons of Jupiter? Share them in our Telegram chat.

Well, perhaps, the new Jovian satellitesit is incredibly lucky that in ancient Greek and ancient Roman mythology there are so many suitable names. Just as in the fact that Zeus was once a pretty loving guy who provided real wealth to modern astronomers in terms of suitable names for the planets and satellites of the Solar System.