In early 2019, NASA Space Agency,The World Meteorological Station and other organizations have announced that the past four years have stood out as the hottest in modern history. According to the European Space Agency, the temperature of the planet continues to rise and the first days of July 2019 turned out to be the hottest for all the time that it observes. Hot weather already has consequences - electricity prices have risen in European countries because the authorities had to close nuclear power plants.
New temperature record statement wasbased on data compiled by European Agency satellites designed to track climate change. They were launched into orbit as part of the Copernicus space program in 2014 and are engaged in surveying the surface of the planet, studying the composition of the atmosphere and monitoring everything that happens on land and water.
Highest temperature record
The agency does not have accurate temperature indicatorscalls, but the previous record of the highest temperature was recorded by satellites in July 2016. Two years later, the temperature in the same month increased, but not by much - by about 0.56 degrees Celsius. According to the calculations of meteorologists, this is 1.2 degrees higher than at the time when humanity had not yet begun to emit greenhouse gases into the atmosphere.
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The effects of summer heat
Even this seemingly insignificantRising temperatures have huge consequences. For example, the icy territory of Greenland began to melt - this is normal for the summer, but in 2019 the ice began to turn into water much earlier, in May. Ultimately, instead of the projected 60-70 million tons of ice, this area lost 197 billion tons.
Scientists fear that meltwater in largeamounts will reach the North Atlantic and harm the fish and other aquatic inhabitants living there. Also, melting of Greenland can cause severe storms. In addition, melt water can affect the level of the world's oceans - it will rise by about a millimeter. In the distant future, if the water level rises by at least 20 centimeters, about 740 thousand inhabitants of Nigeria may lose their homes.
The consequences of fires in Siberia
Of course, one of the worst consequencesthe heat of 2019 are the fires in Siberia. According to Greenpeace, Russia has already burned over 12 million hectares of forest. Smoke and heat from the forests spread over many kilometers and even affect the melting speed of the same glaciers in Greenland. Irreparable harm is also caused to human health, because there is a strong smog in cities, and their inhabitants are forced to breathe smoke. And this despite the fact that smoke from burning forests can be more dangerous than radiation.
The scale of fires in Siberia
Abnormal heat in European countries is associated withhot air coming from the deserts. And over Greenland and north-central Europe, in turn, an area with high pressure formed this summer - it did not allow air masses to pass, which could cool the hot regions.
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Apparently, the air temperature in the world will begrow further. In fact, humanity should not worry that it was the hottest June in recent years. It is worth worrying that it may become the coldest in the near future.
What can you say about the summer of 2019? Share your opinion in the comments, or in our Telegram chat.