Research, Technology

Is the Iskander missile system Russia's most dangerous weapon?

Missile complex "Iskander" American mediacalled the most dangerous weapon in Russia. In particular, The National Interest has repeatedly written about the threat posed by these weapons to the United States and NATO countries. According to Western experts, Iskander is extremely difficult to intercept with the help of modern missile defense technologies. This means that the missile can overcome missile defense and deliver a non-nuclear strike against airfields and other enemy priority targets. In addition, several years ago there was information that Iskander missiles could also deliver nuclear warheads. We suggest that you take a closer look at these weapons and find out why NATO countries are so afraid of them.

Russian operational-tactical missile system "Iskander"

The history of the Iskander complex

Work on the operational-tactical complex"Iskander" began in Soviet times - back in 1988. But for the first time the complex was presented to the public only ten years later, in 1999. However, after that, his trials continued for another six years. At the end of 2011, the first stage of testing of the already modernized Iskander-M OTRK was completed, which received more modern combat equipment.

Rocket 9M723, developed for the complex"Iskander-M" is equipped with a new correlation guidance system. During its development, the task was immediately set to make a weapon capable of evading missile defense. And, judging by the data that is freely available, the designers managed to solve it.

For the first time "Iskander" was presented to the public in 1999

Iskander missile system: characteristics and capabilities

OTRK "Iskander" is capable of hitting targets atdistance up to 500 km, as reported by the Global Security resource. True, according to other sources, the range of the missile still does not exceed 400 km. In this case, the payload is 700 kg. I must say that there is also an export version of Iskander-E, which, for obvious reasons, has more modest characteristics - the range does not exceed 280 kilometers, and the payload is 480 kg.

According to some reports, the Iskander-K version launchescruise missiles, such as the R-500, up to 2000 km. The minimum target engagement range is 50 km. The circular probable deviation in the basic version of the rocket is 10-30 m. For Iskander-M, this figure does not exceed 5-7 meters. For guidance, an inertial system is used (based on acceleration sensors, a gyroscope, angular velocity sensors, etc.), GLONASS, as well as an optical homing head.

I must say that the upgraded missilesIskander-M and Iskander-K are launched from the same installations as the base ones, but they differ radically from them. They fly at an altitude of 50 km and can maneuver with an overload of more than 30g in the final phase.

Missiles "Iskander" are able to overcome the missile defense systems of NATO countries

In addition, the upgraded missiles have a number ofsystems to overcome missile defense systems. These include traps that mimic interceptor missiles, a drop-down electronic warfare module, etc. In addition, the missile has modern stealth technologies to remain unnoticed on radars.

Basically, for hitting targets, warheads haveall kinds of cassette self-aiming striking elements. The type of the latter depends on the tasks assigned to the rocket, and can be very different. Therefore, the Western media call the Iskander a universal weapon.

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The main purpose of OTRK is to defeatsmall and area targets of the enemy, which include air defense systems, command posts and communications centers, airfields, various infrastructure facilities, accumulations of military equipment, etc. In addition, as mentioned above, it is assumed that missiles can deliver tactical nuclear weapons. What it is, we described in detail earlier.

OTRK "Iskander" can give Russia a strategic advantage in the war with NATO

What is the danger of Iskander missiles

Why do Western experts consider OTRK"Iskander" such a terrible weapon? In their opinion, they can provide Russia with a strategic advantage during hostilities, especially in local conflicts. In addition, the complex is part of the Anti-Access / Area Denial concept, along with such weapons as the S-400 (and in the future the S-500 Prometheus) systems and the Bastion coastal anti-ship systems .

The essence of the concept is that the troopsNATO is blocked from accessing the A2/AD exclusion zone, otherwise they will suffer unacceptable damage. In addition, due to the long range and ability to overcome missile defense systems, Iskander missiles can be used to destroy logistics centers, airfields, air defense systems and other similar objects, in fact, behind enemy lines. As a result, the scale of damage from the use of these missiles is comparable to the bombing of NATO countries by aircraft.

Iskanden missiles pose a threat to NATO missile defense systems

The greatest threat is the possibility of "Iskanders"hit highly protected missile defense and air defense. According to military expert Konstantin Sivkov, a salvo from the Iskander OTRK division can eliminate an entire US missile defense position area.

In addition, some Western analysts believethat the range of the Iskander OTRK significantly exceeds the capabilities of the NATO TRK and divisional artillery. This suggests that, theoretically, NATO artillery could be destroyed by a missile attack even before it reaches combat positions.

According to The National Interest, postingmissiles in Kaliningrad, Russia may threaten US missile defense facilities in Poland. Thus, this operational-tactical weapon may well be used to solve strategic problems.