General, Research, Technology

Inside the coffin with a mummy, a painting by an ancient artist was found

One of the most interesting places in ScotlandPerth Museum and Art Gallery is considered. This place is considered interesting because visitors can admire the ancient paintings, sculptures and other works of art, as well as the skeletons of dinosaurs and Egyptian mummies. For example, starting in 1936, tourists had the opportunity to look at the huge coffin of an ancient Egyptian named Takerheb. It is believed that she was from a very rich and respected family in ancient Egypt and died more than 3,000 years ago. To make the exhibit even more interesting, the museum’s management recently decided to remove the woman’s mummy from the tomb and let people see her body. However, during the extraction of the body, it turned out that on the bottom and lid of the coffin there is something that is more interesting than the mummy itself - the image of the goddess, painted by an unknown artist.

In front of you is the front of the sarcophagus belonging to an ancient Egyptian woman named Takerheb

According to Culture Perth and Kinross, you can visit the Scottish Museum is free. Only during a pandemic, he, like everyonesimilar establishments are quarantined. However, when the world finally conquers the disease, it is best to go to the museum, because visiting the real pyramids is a waste of money and time.

Mysterious Mummy of Egypt

That the ancient Egyptian name was Takerheb was indicated by the Ta-Kr-Hb hieroglyphs written on the coffin lid. The ancient Egyptian coffins in which people were buried were called sarcophagiand the woman he was made by a very richtraditions. The outer part of the sarcophagus was decorated with a variety of patterns, so scientists have never doubted that Tuckerheb was from a very respected family. Most likely, she was the daughter of an important person, close to the authorities of Ancient Egypt.

Sarcophagi are coffins in which rich and important people were buried. The name "sarcophagus" can be translated as "stone eating flesh" because it was previously believed that they can absorb the bodies of people

Before removing a woman’s body from the sarcophagus,in 2013, scientists decided to scan her body through an x-ray. It turned out that she did not have a brain and other internal organs. This is not surprising, because before the mummification of the dead Egyptians, the brain was removed through the nostril, and the internal organs through the incisions on the body. Then the insides were processed with palm wine and other substances that allow ancient bodies to be perfectly preserved even to this day.

Interesting fact: the ancient Egyptians came up with a lot of things that we use daily. About the Egyptian origin of makeup, toothpaste and even bowling, read the material of my colleague Oleg Dovbni.

X-rays also showed that the woman hadbones of the chest and pelvis are damaged. However, scientists do not believe that she died from beating. Most likely, the skeleton was damaged long after the death and mummification of a woman. Damage could be caused by tomb raiders - criminals who penetrate the ancient pyramids in search of jewelry in order to sell them for a lot of money. The true cause of the death of an ancient Egyptian woman is still unknown to scientists. It is likely that she died due to heart problems.

In the photo: museum staff clean the surface of the sarcophagus before removing the mummy

Mysterious drawings

After an X-ray examination, scientists decidedpull out the mummy from the sarcophagus. Then another interesting find was discovered. Opening the lid of the ancient coffin and lifting the mummy, archaeologists discovered that at the bottom of the ancient coffin an image of some woman was painted. She stood on a dais, so scientists immediately realized that the figure depicts a goddess - this is definitely not the image of Takerheb. Since the woman was wearing a red dress, archaeologists guessed that they were dealing with an image goddess Amentet. Indeed, who else can be drawn inside the tomb, if not the mistress of the kingdom of the dead?

Image of the goddess Amentet on the back of the sarcophagus (right) and on the inside of the lid (left)

The second time, scientists were surprised to look atthe inside of the lid of the sarcophagus. There, too, the image of the goddess Amentet was clearly painted, but time did not spare this drawing - the face and legs of the goddess were erased. According to Mark Hall, an employee of the Scottish Museum, they have never examined sarcophagi in such detail. The fact that the ancient coffins were decorated not only from the outside, but also from the inside, was a great discovery for them. It seems they should go look inside the other sarcophagi - they are clearly waiting for many other discoveries.

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Historians believe that the drawing of the goddess Amentet wasnecessary to ensure that the soul of a dead woman calmly reached the kingdom of the dead. The Egyptians truly believed that the goddess of the afterlife feeds the dead people before a long journey to the world of the dead. In general, the ancient Egyptians had very interesting views on human death. It was believed that after death, people have to fight with terrible monsters and special spells were even learned to fight them. I told in more detail about all this in an article about a mysterious find near the pyramid of Pharaoh Djoser. I recommend reading it!