A significant part of the cost of any space program accounts for rocket launches. Recently, reusable Blue Origin and SpaceX “models” have appeared. They seriously reduce such expenses.
The next step on this path may beDevelopment of the German Aerospace Center (DLR) - FALCon. As part of the project, they want to complement the first stage of the launch vehicle with special wings. They will help the rocket to descend smoothly to the desired height, at which it will be able to “catch” and deliver a special plane to Earth. Not far from the landing area, the step will be able to descend and plan to the surface itself.
The European Commission has allocated 2 for this project.6 million euros. The research started in March. They will continue over the next three years. The goal is to develop an extremely detailed missile catcher concept.