Today we are actively exploring distant planets and evenwe intend to settle on them. And all this despite the fact that we have not yet fully studied our native Earth. Archaeologists from all countries continually dig up the ruins of ancient cities - for example, the oldest settlement in the world called Chatal-Hyuk has been studied for more than 50 years. Sometimes finding ancient cities completely changes our understanding of modern countries. So, recently, scientists have taken a fresh look at the history of Israel, because the ruins of a huge city were found on its territory. It turned out that large Israeli cities had arisen a long time ago, and their inhabitants could erect huge buildings.
For the first time about an ancient Israeli city underthe name En Esur became known in the 1960s. At that time, archaeologists were not particularly interested in the place, but a couple of years ago, the construction of the highway began on the territory of an ancient attraction. It was then that archaeologists began to find the ruins of ancient structures and at the moment they have unearthed more than 40,000 square meters of the settlement. Researchers believe that they found only 10% of the area of the once existing city, so everything interesting is yet to come.
The most ancient city of Israel
According to scientists, the first people appeared in thisplace about 7000 years ago. Already at that time, the first public buildings were erected on the study area, that is, the settlement was already taking on urban outlines. Then, for unknown reasons, after some time, the population of En Esur suddenly began to grow. In the end, the area of the city was approximately 650,000 square meters, which allowed to place about 6,000 people in it.
By the way, a few years ago the remains of an ancient settlement were found right in the center of Israel
According to the head of the excavation, Yitzhak Pats,the city consisted of a network of streets and squares. The roads were paved with stone, and the walls of the structures were plastered. Around the huge settlement, a two-meter wall was erected with towers in which the military sat and defended the city from enemies.
Ancient buildings of Israel
And the enemies, by the way, could notice the cityfrom afar, because it was built at that time a giant building 25 meters high. According to scientists, this building had a religious purpose - inside were found human figures and animal bones. Most likely, priests from time to time made sacrifices to God in the form of all kinds of living beings. In those days, this, in principle, was commonplace.
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Also, archaeologists have found many warehouses in whichcereals and other food were stored. Based on this, they suggested that many residents of the city of Es Esur engaged in agriculture. It also follows that the huge city was the center of various crafts and trade. And this, as the researchers emphasized, is one of the main distinguishing features of the city from a rural settlement.
Archaeologists were also surprised that manybuildings are constructed of stone blocks weighing up to 15 tons. Given that there are no rocks near the city, archaeologists have suggested that builders had to carry heavy building materials several kilometers away.
Finally, I recommend archeologyread about the box with witchcraft items discovered in Pompeii. Among them are mirrors, amulets and human figures - what do you think they were for?