General, Research, Technology

In Egypt, mummies of lions and a statue of a scarab beetle were found. Why are there more such discoveries?

Regular readers of our site for surenoticed that the news about archaeological discoveries in Egypt in recent years has become a little more than usual. For example, recently we talked about one of the largest archaeological discoveries of the century, which consists in excavating at least 30 mummies. They are remarkable in that they were well hidden and remained untouched by robbers for millennia. But did you know that in 2018, archaeologists managed to make an equally interesting discovery? Then, in the territory of the ancient cemetery of Saqqara, dozens of mummies of various animals were excavated, as well as ancient Egyptian masks and figurines. So what exactly did archaeologists dig up and why has there been more news about Egyptian discoveries lately?

In Egypt you can find not only mummies of cats, but also the remains of lions and even crocodiles

About which ancient artifacts werediscovered by scientists, it became known during a recent exhibition near the necropolis of Saqqara. At this place, thousands of years ago, there was a huge cemetery in the city of Memphis, which was considered the capital of ancient Egypt. The necropolis of Saqqara has been a burial place for more than 3 thousand years, therefore a large number of discoveries are made on its territory. At the moment, it is located at a 30-kilometer distance from the current capital of Egypt under the name Cairo.

By the way, unusual mummies of poor people have also recently been found in the cemetery of Saqqara.

Why did the ancient Egyptians worship lions?

According to ScienceAlert, under the layersarchaeologists managed to find hundreds of different artifacts of ancient sand, including various masks, figurines and mummies of cats, crocodiles and even cubs of huge lions. At the moment, it is believed that the ancient Egyptians mummified at least two lion cubs, but to determine their exact number, additional research is required. There is nothing strange in such an honorable form of burial of young lions, because these animals were closely associated with one of the important gods of Egypt in ancient times.

Among these cats mummies may be lions

It is about the ancient Egyptian Mahesh, the god of warand thunderstorms. The Egyptians depicted him in the form of a man with the head of a lion, in both hands of which there were knives. This god was mainly worshiped in the ancient Egyptian city of Leontopol, even in the name of which you can see the word "leon", translated from English meaning "lion". His temples contained tamed lions, which were even mentioned in the writings of the ancient Roman historian Claudius Eliaan. If you believe his stories, the Egyptians worshiped the lions and daily fed them meat to the music.

Image of the ancient Egyptian god Mahesh

Also one of the most interesting exhibitsThe exhibition is considered a statue of a huge scarab beetle. According to the Secretary General of the Supreme Council for Antiquities Mustafa Waziri, this scarab is the largest in the world. Undoubtedly, the ancient Egyptians created this statue in honor of the fact that this insect was another important symbol of their homeland. It was believed that this small bug daily repeats the path of the Sun - like a celestial body that moves through the sky and creates conditions for life on earth with its heat, a scarab rolls a ball of dung with eggs from east to west, until it gives birth to children.

Scarab beetle statue

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Tourism in Egypt

Recent news on archaeologicaldiscoveries in Egypt have become really many. And the thing is that the country's authorities want to talk more about new finds and thereby attract the attention of tourists. At the moment, Egypt cannot recover from the turmoil of previous years, and tourism is one of the country's main sources of income.