The history of Egypt is full of secrets and mysteries, andnot all of them are associated with the pyramids. Did you know that on the territory of this hot country there is a flooded city called Heraklion, which archaeologists have been studying for almost 20 years now? Since the city is hidden under water, it is extremely difficult for scientists to explore it, but at the moment they have already found more than 14,000 items made of stone, wood and gold. Recently, archaeologists have learned even more information about the flooded city, finding the remains of a huge temple and the missing fragment of one of the ships. Of course, this time was also not without treasure.
Heraklion was discovered in 2000 by an archaeologistFrank Goyot. It is believed that the name of the city is connected with the fact that once it was visited by the legendary Hercules - the son of the ancient Greek gods Zeus and Alkmena. At the moment, the city is located at the bottom of the Gulf of Abu Kir, located near the Egyptian Nile River. Parts of a huge city are at different depths up to about 45 meters, however, some buildings can be located even deeper, because at the moment the mysterious city has been studied only by 5%.
Mysteries of Egypt
The search for new buildings and ships is the sameFrank Gogeaud himself, leading a team of underwater archaeologists. Since the city is hidden under a layer of perennial dirt, scientists are searching for underwater objects using space satellites and so-called echo sounders, measuring instruments for detecting fish and underwater objects using sound waves. Thus, recently, archaeologists have calculated the location of the two columns of the main temple called Amon Garp and the ancient shipwreck.
Researchers have not yet shared details aboutlarge temple, but told about the ship found in the parking lot. As previously found in this territory, swimming facilities (previously the remains of 64 ships were found), the found ship was not fully preserved - archaeologists believe that this is part of one of the previous finds. Its length was about 13 meters and, judging by the objects found in it, it was used to conduct sacred rituals.
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Egypt's richest city
Finding out their coordinates, archaeological diversplunged under the water for a thorough examination of the ruins. Inside the remains of the ship, they found ceramic dishes, bronze coins and jewelry. Their abundance causes no surprise, because Heraklion was a rich trading center and the most important port of ancient Egypt. According to the calculations of archaeologists, it was built in the VIII century BC and maintained its high status until the construction of the Egyptian city of Alexandria.
Egyptian coin and gold earring
After Alexandria took away his statusthe most important port, Heraklion lost his wealth. Subsequently, about 1200 years ago, the city was under water. Archaeologists still can not give the exact cause of the flood, because they have several assumptions. The first one says that it was destroyed and sunk during a strong earthquake and a tsunami that arose after it. The second suggests that it remained under water due to rising sea levels.
The fact that archaeologists have so far studied only a small partancient city, very intriguing. Perhaps due to satellite technology, they will be able to find even more ancient structures and treasures. In the meantime, they are not found, we recommend reading about the mysterious labyrinth, found inside the pyramid of Pharaoh Djoser. Inside it, archaeologists have found an item that allegedly protected dead people from the monsters living in the other world.
Be sure to read: In the Egyptian pyramid, they found their way into the “afterlife”
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