Research

How trade in rare animals is destroying nature?

We have already given examples of howhumanity is literally destroying the planet. According to scientists, in just a few centuries, about 500 species of plants have been erased from the face of the Earth due to human exposure. Wild animals are dying at the same lightning pace, and not only due to pollution of nature and deforestation. According to scientists from the US state of North Carolina, people massively destroy thousands of species of wild animals, illegally catching them and selling them as pets and a source of meat, skin and wool.

According to scientists, at the moment on the verge of extinction are 2427 species of animals

Until now, scientists did not know exactly how muchspecies of wildlife are traded on the black market. In this regard, researchers at Duke University, led by biologist Brett Schaeffers, decided to combine several databases and give at least a general idea of ​​the extent of the illegal trade in rare vertebrate creatures. In particular, we are talking about combining information from the International Union for Conservation of Nature and wildlife conservation organizations from different countries.

How many animals are sold on the black market?

Researchers found that out of 31,500 mentionedIn animal species reports, more than 5579 species are in high demand on the black market. People interested in rare animals buy them in a living or already processed form, that is, as skins and meat. Merchants earn more than $ 21 billion a year from illegal business.

By the way, animals are destroyed not only by humans, but also by giant spiders

These data surprised biologists very much, becausethat they hardly thought the problem was so widespread. According to their forecasts, in the near future the situation will become even worse. The graph below shows that mammals and birds are in special demand, and amphibians and reptiles already follow. Researchers are not yet able to say exactly how strongly illegal trade affects the extinction of rare animals. However, due to the impact of the black market, even widespread animals that look like representatives of rare species may be at risk of extinction.

The demand for different types of animals on the black market

Rare species can become even more

For example, on the black market today they usein demand birds called Dubrovniks (Emberiza aureola). As they are becoming increasingly difficult to find, poachers may begin to catch outwardly very similar weavers (Ploceus). If this really happens, the rate of animals on our planet could be even smaller. So there is practically no doubt that humanity is destroying all life on Earth.

Weaver (left) and Dubrovnik (right)

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Researchers hope their work will allowcountries to protect all endangered animals. They should also pay attention to animals, which on our planet are becoming catastrophically many. For example, cats that have already done things in Australia can be attributed to them. Scientists estimate that every year these furry creatures catch and kill a billion animals, among which there are very rare species. To save them, the Australian authorities took extreme measures and allowed to shoot cats.