General, Research, Technology

How periodic fasting affects life expectancy

For the most part, all diets are directed asas a rule, to lose (or gain, if we are talking about sports nutrition) weight, or to prevent certain complications. For example, it is known that in case of a malfunction of the pancreas, gall bladder or ulcer, this or that type of nutrition is prescribed. However, there is such a practice, called "periodic fasting." A lot of the most contradictory information goes about the effect of periodic starvation, and researchers from the United States decided to check how it affects the human body. And the result obtained surprised them quite a lot.

Starvation. Benefit or harm?

Is periodic fasting helpful?

Two new studies provide insight intolong-term effects of this type of starvation on human health. According to the findings of the New Atlas publication, fasting for just one day a month for several years can increase life expectancy and improve the condition of the cardiovascular system.

Such diets are undoubtedly still in fashion onpresent day. From the standard 5: 2 diet (we eat 5 days, starve 2 days) to more extreme fasting strategies, when a person is prescribed practically nothing to eat. And one of the key questions that remained unanswered is related to the long-term effects of diets on the human body. And if you regularly read us in Telegram, but you will have fewer unanswered questions. Subscribe!

Although several studies have been conducted onanimals studying the biological effects of starvation, and several short-term studies in humans, scientists still do not know what happens to the human body when it is sequentially subjected to periodic starvation for several years.

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To try to figure out long-termthe effects of starvation, a team of scientists at the Intermountain Healthcare in Salt Lake City, Utah have been tracking over 2,000 patients for nearly five years. Patients were included in the study during the cardiac catheterization procedure, and then were observed for several years to identify the functioning of the cardiovascular system. The uniqueness of the study was that most of the participants in the experiment were members of a religious movement, one of the tenets of which was prescribed to refrain from eating for 24 hours on the first Sunday of each month.

The results were much more interesting thananyone expected, says one of the researchers, Benjamin Horn. After five years of follow-up, these regular starving people showed a 45 percent lower mortality rate than those who did not starve. This is another example of how we find that regular fasting can lead to better health and longer life.

Second Long-Term Exposure Studystarvation for myocardial infarction and heart failure revealed no less interesting patterns. The data obtained did not show differences in the incidence of myocardial infarction between those who were starving and those who were not starving. However, the fasting group showed a 71 percent lower incidence of heart failure compared with the other test group.

We believe that periodic fasting is approximatelyone day once a month for decades makes the body activate the mechanisms of regeneration and mobilize all the systems of the human body due to stressful situations.

Of course, this study is notone hundred percent reliable. In particular, some colleagues criticize Mr. Horn and his team for not the most obvious choice of participants in the experiment. For example, it is pointed out that deeply religious people "lead a completely different lifestyle compared to the average American." They do not smoke, do not drink alcohol and are slightly more physically active. And this makes some sense. And the researchers themselves do not hide the fact that their data require rechecking on a larger group of people. What they plan to do in the near future.