General, Research, Technology

How much alcohol can you drink without much harm to your health?

People have a different attitude to alcohol. Someone cannot last even one evening without a glass of beer, while others have never touched alcohol in their life. It is clear even to a person without a degree that drinking alcohol every day is bad for the body, but what about the optimal dose of alcohol? How much can I drink to minimize the effects of alcohol on my health? Now, when many are on self-isolation, and often begin to drink much more than usual, this issue for many becomes relevant.

Every minute, 0.7% of the world's population is intoxicated. It turns out that 50 million people are now drunk

Content

  • 1 How much alcohol should not be drunk
  • 2 What happens if you drink alcohol every day?
  • 3 How does alcohol
  • 4 stages of alcoholism
  • 5 Why does a hangover occur?
  • 6 How to drink alcohol?

How much alcohol should not be drunk

I will say right away - there is no consensus on this issue. Some scientists say that even in small amounts, alcohol has a devastating effect on the body. Others believe that in small doses, alcohol is even beneficial. And there are recommendations of WHO (World Health Organization), according to which, dangerous dose of alcohol is an 60 ml of ethanol for men and 50 ml for women. But since few people consume ethanol in its pure form (well, I hope), this is how an absolutely dangerous dose of alcohol looks in terms of the usual drinks:

  • 180 g of vodka for men and 150 g of vodka for women
  • 1.5 liters beer
  • 0.5 l the fault

Absolutely dangerous dose of alcohol - the average value of the amount of alcohol consumed, sufficient to lead to death.

But do not think that if you drink less than thesevalues, then nothing will happen to the body. Even if you use the equivalent of 30 ml of ethanol per day (90 g of vodka, 800 ml of beer or a large glass of wine), you can greatly harm your health.

What happens if you drink alcohol every day?

Scientists have long researched this issue. Recent evidence suggests that alcohol reduces the risk of developing atherosclerosis. It helps in part to avoid blockage.blood vessels with cholesterol plaques. Why is cholesterol dangerous? It causes circulatory problems. Blood ceases to circulate normally in blood vessels, since they are filled with cholesterol, and a person may even die. Alcohol, on the other hand, “flushes” blood vessels and does not allow cholesterol to stagnate.

Does this mean that you can drink alcohol every day? Not. In this case, we are talking about extremely low doses of alcohol. If you take the same as the basis WHO recommendations, experts advise at least two days a week in full abstain from alcohol. Of course, the longer you do not drink, the better.

Optimal dose alcohol, which is not very harmful to health, and can even bring certain benefits, considered 150 ml dry red wine.

But that doesn’t mean what you need drink every day a small glass of wine, let them go online and walknumerous stories, like some kind of grandfather drank a glass every day and lived up to 90 years. Everything is individual here and many factors must be taken into account - from chronic diseases to hereditary predispositions. Not to mention that alcohol is strictly contraindicated minors and pregnant.

Did you know that the longest particles of alcohol remain in your hair?

If you drink alcohol every day, the body does notwill be able to remove it from the body, and a disease such as alcoholism will begin. He has 3 stages, and in this article we will consider them. But first, let’s see how alcohol generally affects a person?

How does alcohol work?

The brain of an ordinary person and an alcoholic. In the second case, most of the connections in the brain are broken.

What is alcohol in the scientific sense? it ethanolwhich is made by sugar fermentation,yeast and starch. And all this “nuclear” mixture has an amazing property: it incredibly quickly goes through all stages of digestion. That is, while you are digesting dinner soup (about 30 minutes) or chicken (up to 2 hours), alcohol quickly reaches the goal - the human circulatory system, sometimes bypassing even the liver, if you drink on a large scale. She is simply not able to let so much liquor through her.

Alcohol begins to do its nasty businessin the circulatory system: it damages red blood cells (the tiny bodies that make up the blood), which is why they stick together to form blood clots. Blood clots in turn block the flow of blood in small arteries, and this leads to blockage of the brain vessels. Hence the feeling of intoxication appears, which is similar to when the brain lacks oxygen.

The red blood cells of a person who consumed a large amount of alcohol. They almost all stuck together

Therefore, if you do not drink alcohol in moderation,the brain will constantly be in this state. This will lead to the degradation of many mental and physical functions - a condition comparable to drinking a lot of alcohol at a time. A person cannot stand upright and does not give an account for his actions.

Scientists have already proven that alcohol damages DNA and increases the risk of cancer.

Stages of alcoholism

Constant drinking leads to alcoholismwhich has three stages.

  • At first stage alcohol dependence in a person gradually loses control of the amount of drink, which leads to the appearance of a pathological attraction to alcohol.
  • On second stage a person even has “immunity” toalcohol, or rather, he thinks so. Indeed, if a person at this stage consumes more than 1 liter of alcohol, the body will begin to perceive alcohol more easily. In fact, behind this lies the development of serious diseases - hepatitis, cirrhosis, cancer of the esophagus and cancer of the stomach.
  • Alcoholism third stage characterized by complete degradation of the individual in the physical and mental planes. A person can no longer drink alcohol and in most cases dies.
  • Scientists believe that alcoholism affectshereditary predisposition caused by insufficient production of enzymes that process alcohol. But in fact, the amount of alcohol consumed affects this. You just don’t need to drink if you understand that you are losing control of yourself and an unpleasant state of the body occurs.

    Alcoholism is a disease and must be treated

    Why does a hangover occur?

    Many people ask this question the next morning.after a stormy party (usually with the words "well, I definitely won’t drink anymore"). In fact, the explanation is quite simple: alcohol terribly quickly enters the circulatory system of the body, but VERY slowly leaves it. And the human body cannot fully recover after a stormy night, until the substance is completely destroyed and digested. So a hangover occurs.

    Last year in Russia, they tried to make a hangover beer with vitamins. I wonder if they did it?

    Surely many googled, how to avoid a hangoverbefore you start celebrating anotherevent with alcohol. But the answer can be put into one sentence: do not drink in large quantities, and then the alcohol will have time to leave the body before your head touches the pillow.

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    How to drink alcohol?

    Researchers highlight the so-called "northern"model of alcohol consumption and the "southern". The first includes Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, the Baltic countries, which drink a lot of alcohol, with shock doses, and not always often. The “southern” model is typical for Spain, Italy, Greece, where they can drink even more often than in Russia, but less and not so strong alcohol: for example, a glass of dry wine at dinner. No one drinks 100 g of vodka every day.

    Scientists agree that the "southern" model is safer for health, although they still note that daily drinking is harmful to health. So do not abuse it.

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