As you know, the red planet has tried more than onceto conquer many devices made by the hands of a curious person. The Mars 2020 mission, which is scheduled to launch as early as the summer of the coming year, will be another NASA step towards the colonization of this distant, cold world. According to the portal phys.org, the new rover will not only search for traces of ancient life on the planet, but will also pave the way for future missions of mankind.
What will be the new NASA Mars 2020 rover?
NASA's new rover that was built atThe Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena near Los Angeles was successfully tested last week for drive equipment. NASA experts note that the new rover will have to begin its long journey from Earth in July 2020 from Cape Canaveral in Florida, while becoming the fifth American rover that can land on Mars. When, seven months after the start of its space travel, the rover touches the surface of the Red Planet, the scientific world may have an incredible opportunity to study in detail the geological and chemical composition of Mars. In order to do this, experts will have a whole arsenal of powerful cameras, sound devices and lasers that will be used for chemical analysis of the planet.
Just like its predecessor, the roverCuriosity, Mars 2020 will be equipped with six wheels that will help the mechanism easily cross the rocky terrain of the fourth planet from the Sun. According to experts, the speed of movement of the rover will not be their main priority when measuring the performance of the rover, which is why the device will have to cover only 200 meters in one Martian day.
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Powered by a miniature nuclear reactor, Mars 2020has seven-foot-length articulated levers and a drill for opening rock samples in places that scientists consider to be potentially livable. With the help of a drill, scientists hope to find an ancient microbial life that could exist on the planet billions of years ago, when Mars was very similar to Earth. It is known that about two billion years ago, the Red Planet had a dense atmosphere, a magnetic field and a vast ocean on its surface. As a result of the meteorite’s fall, the climatic conditions of the planet began to change at a catastrophic rate, and Mars turned into a completely lifeless, dry and cold world.
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After the rover receives the necessary samples,Packed in sealed flasks, the rocks will await the arrival of the next mission, which is scheduled for 2026. An additional device will take prepared samples, place them in a rocket and put them into Mars orbit for the purpose of further transportation to Earth. In order to increase our chances of discovering ancient life, Mars 2020 will land in one of the dried deltas called Jazero, which once was a lake about 500 meters deep. NASA experts believe that in this place you can find ancient organic molecules and related traces of biological life.
In addition to the search for organics, the equipment of the roverwill focus on the production of oxygen, which one day can be used to breathe people - the first Martian settlers. What exactly will come of all this, we will be able to find out with you in the new coming decade, but for now we suggest you discuss this article with like-minded people in our Telegram chat.