Currently on planet Earth residesapproximately 7 billion people. Each of these 7 billion has specific needs and needs daily food, some clean water and other material benefits. However, if at the beginning of the XX century the planet’s population did not exceed two billion, the rapid development of medicine contributed to a decrease in mortality worldwide, which led to the fact that by the beginning of the XXI century the planet’s population could grow several times and amounted to 7 billion people. If a similar increase in numbers was triggered by a sharp increase in the level of comfort, then what awaits us next? What is the maximum number of people our planet can feed on the whole?
How many people can a planet sustain?
According to the latest research, the maximumThe number of people that the biosphere can withstand is approximately 10 billion. The constant increase in the well-being of people around the world leads to the fact that this line can be overcome very soon. What will happen then?
Biosphere - the Earth’s shell inhabited by living organisms,being under their influence and occupied by the products of their vital functions, as well as the totality of its properties as a planet, where conditions are created for the development of biological systems; Earth's global ecosystem.
Scientists believe that even if the entire populationplanets turn into vegetarians, the chances of our survival will still decrease every day. The fact is that fresh water reserves are already extremely depleted. According to statistics, a quarter of the world's population currently suffers from a shortage of fresh water. By 2050, water risks becoming one of the most valuable resources on the planet, turning countries such as Russia, Brazil, Canada and the United States into the largest exporters of water.
In addition, overpopulation of the planet threatensviolation of the natural balance in the cycle of nitrogen, oxygen and carbon dioxide. In other words, sooner or later, humanity will face the problem of not only water scarcity, but also air.
You will be interested: What will happen when the Earth's population stops growing?
Is it possible to prevent a lack of resources on the planet?
According to the UN, ten billion peopleborn in 2100. Despite the threat of overpopulation, humanity has a chance to turn the destructive process in the opposite direction. According to the trend, modern residents of megacities are in no hurry to start families and start offspring, which can be caused by sociocultural influence. A similar phenomenon is already strongly affecting fertility, which, since 1950, has been steadily declining in most countries of the world.
Official statistics suggest thatthe current birth rate hardly covers the mortality rate. So, according to statistics, in the world for one woman there are 2.1 children. If by 2100 the global level of population reproduction will remain at the current level, then by the end of the 21st century the world’s population will be nine to ten billion people.
Are we dying out?
Despite the fact that global statistics inAt present, it shows an extremely weak natural population growth; in a number of countries special measures are still being taken to reduce the birth rate. So, in 1975, on the initiative of the Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi, mass sterilization was launched in connection with the extremely rapid population growth. Women underwent surgery in exchange for cash rewards. The refusal of the procedure for a fee did not mean that the operation could not be done. She was still forced to do it.
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Beyond India, the question of necessityforced sterilization was raised in 2012 in Uzbekistan, where large families had previously been welcomed. The threat of overpopulation in the country led to the fact that women were often sterilized without their knowledge immediately after the birth of their second child. The fact is that in order to reduce the birth rate, the government announced a secret campaign, allocating a certain amount of quotas to doctors each month for conducting forced sterilization. Especially large quotas were issued to doctors from rural areas, encouraging up to 8 operations per week.
Despite the fact that in some countriesthere is a danger of overpopulation, most European and even some Asian countries, such as Singapore, need to promote fertility. In Romania, in the 1960s, there was a rather curious practice of stimulating natural population growth. Firstly, the Romanian government has issued a series of laws prohibiting the use of any contraceptive or divorce methods. Secondly, the state introduced a tax of 20% of the monthly salary for all single and childless persons over 25 years old. Despite totalitarian control, the campaign led to a catastrophe, as a result of which hundreds of thousands of children were left in the care of orphanages.
Perhaps the rhetorical question “Are we dying out?””Should be asked not to the entire population of the globe as a whole, but to individual states experiencing a particular problem in the situation with the birth rate. If the extinction of humans as a species does not threaten us, then the extinction or overpopulation of individual countries may well occur in the near future. I think that soon we will still hear many interesting facts about laws from around the world, designed to deal with the problems of fertility.