Have you ever wondered howtransplanted hair? Surely someone even did this expensive procedure, but most people do not know how it works. Meanwhile, this operation is already almost 100 years old, and it can not only return hair to the place where it is no longer there, but also leave it there forever. Transplanted hair takes root and does not fall out throughout life. In this article, we will try to understand this difficult question and understand how it works.
- 1 Hair Transplant Efficiency
- 2 When the hair was transplanted for the first time
- 3 How to transplant hair
- 4 How do transplanted hair take root
- 5 How much does a hair transplant cost
- 6 Danger of hair transplantation
Hair Transplant Efficiency
Did you know that not even the maximum value, but the norm is a situation when 9 out of 10 transplanted hairs take root. This is an amazing result, given the complexity and ambiguity of the procedure.
In humans, normal hair density isabout 300 hairs per 1 square centimeter of scalp. When transplanting, the density remains at the level of 70-80 percent of this value. Such values also look like a very good indicator. When the hair grows out, the difference will almost not be noticeable.
As mentioned above, transplanted hairremain in their places. There is nothing mystical and marketing about this. The final result becomes visible about a year after the transplant, but the hair really takes root and does not go anywhere. This is due to the fact that male pattern baldness is baldness in the forehead. This happens due to fluctuations in the amount of the hormone testosterone. Hair from the occipital and temporal region of the head is immune to testosterone fluctuations. Therefore, on the bald part of the head, they grow even better than the "original" hair.
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At the dawn of the transplant procedure,evidence of the effects of follicular features on transplant ability was a demonstration of hair transplantation from the back of the head, and then back. In the first case, they took root, in the second, no.
When was the first time hair transplanted
The first to describe the process of hair transplantation andactually demonstrated how it works, was a Japanese doctor, Suji Okuda, who practiced in the Kwantung Army. He did a transplant in order to reduce the effect of scars on the soldiers' heads on their appearance.
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After World War II, in which the Japanese inAs an ally of Germany were defeated, it was not accepted to discuss scientific issues with them. That is why the name of another doctor, considered the ancestor of the hair transplant method, is more often found. Although, in general, he did not offer anything new. The American surgeon Norman Orentreich became this doctor. He formulated the concept of donor dominant, which became the basic principle of hair transplantation.
How to transplant hair
If you don’t go into too much detail,Hair transplantation is precisely a transplant in the truest sense of the word. A team of doctors, which usually consists of more than eight people, during a many-hour operation takes hair from one area and inserts it into another. Sometimes the operation time reaches 8 hours or more, and during this time up to 5000 follicles are transplanted. As a rule, follicles are taken in the form of follicular associations of 2-4 follicles (rarely more). Associations have one power supply system and it is in this format that they are easier to transplant.
Hair follicle (lat. folliculus pili, also the hair bulb) is a dynamic organ located in the dermal layer of the skin of a mammal and consisting of 20 different types of cells with different functions.
Small pieces are used for transplantation.tissues called grafts. Depending on the transplant method, grafts are removed by the surgeon manually or using a special tool that allows you to speed up the work and reduce the percentage of rejects. This method is used when more than 3000 grafts are transplanted. The size of the grafts is about 0.6-1 mm in diameter. At earlier stages, larger “gauges” were used. As a result, the patient's head often began to look like a doll when hair grew in bunches.
Already in 1936, Suji Okuda said that the result will be the better, the smaller the size of the graft.
When grafts are removed, assistants are taken for them.surgeon. They sort them by type and most relevant to each particular zone. Sometimes hair is used for transplantation not from the occipital or temporal region, but also from the chest, legs and other parts of the body. At the same time, only your hair is suitable. The body is designed so that other people's hair does not take root. This has been repeatedly proven by various experiments and studies.
When grafts are sorted, they can be placed in new places. To do this, there is another tool that makes small punctures, in which the follicles are placed.
With this method of operation, almost noscars in those places where grafts came from. Even at the shaved nape, it is almost imperceptible. Over time, the follicles in the donor sites are restored, and the place again grows in hair. The procedure does not deprive a person of hair in the donor area.
If you need to transplant a lot of hair, there is stillone way. It involves cutting larger pieces than regular grafts. To do this, flaps of tissue are taken, which are then cut into grafts and transplanted to the desired sites.
How do transplanted hair take root
Since the hair, roughly speaking, is simply inserted intoholes, they need to be fixed somehow. It would seem logical to use bandages so that the hair does not fall out as soon as the wind blows, or the patient waves his head. In fact, this is not necessary at all, since the hair is kept perfectly with the help of natural glue - fibrin protein.
This fixation, combined with the low invasiveness of the procedure, in which local anesthesia, if used, allows the patient to be allowed to go home on the same day.
Depending on the type and color of hair, in a year it will be possible to evaluate the result and be surprised at how modern medicine works.
How much does a hair transplant cost
The exact price of the operation varies greatly and ineach case is determined individually, but it should be noted that it is quite high. Due to the fact that it has been done for a long time by a large team of doctors and laboratory assistants, using the most advanced means, it simply cannot be cheap. But, as already mentioned above, the effect of the operation is not temporary, but lifelong. You don’t have to pay a second time.
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Among non-poor patients of this type of doctorsyou can name the former Prime Minister of Italy Silvio Berluscono, actors John Travolta, Mel Gibson, Nicolas Cage and Kevin Costner. Of the singers - Elton John, and of the athletes Wayne Rooney, who himself said that he spent about 30,000 pounds on operations.
Hair Transplant Hazard
Since hair transplantation has become verydemanded and expensive procedure, in the world there are many who want to cash in on this. As a result, there are a large number of clinics in which the patient is assured that the procedure has been worked out and there is nothing complicated in it. The patient believes and the work is done by a “specialist” who does not even have a specialized education.
From such clinics you need to run as far as possible andas fast as possible. Despite all the relative ease of the operation, it should still be performed only by a specialist, since this is the operation. You can put dirt in the skin, you can damage it or get other troubles. It’s better not to save on health.
In many countries, including Russia, there arespecial laws governing the activities of hair transplant clinics, but some still manage to circumvent them or work underground. This is the most unpleasant case.
If you decide to transplant your hair, know that inthis is not a big deal, and the procedure is really effective, but is quite expensive. Do not save on yourself, do it in a good clinic and everything will be as it should.