We all know what to constantly eatsaturated with carbohydrates and fats food, dangerous to health. If you eat fatty fast food for a long period, then the risk of diseases such as obesity, diabetes and cancer can increase significantly! Despite this, the world famous McDonalds company sells over 75 burgers and burgers every second! In other words, even in spite of all its harmfulness, it is fast food that remains the most consumed food in the world. At the same time, a group of scientists from Yale University has prepared an interesting study regarding the effect of fatty foods on brain function.
The harm of fast food to health
According to experts, eating withhigh fat can affect the functioning of the brain, namely the hypothalamus. The hypothalamus connects the endocrine and nervous systems into a single whole, while being responsible for our feeling of warmth and cold, thirst and hunger, controls our sexual behavior and is responsible for our circadian rhythms.
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In order to check how much our bodychanging in the conditions of consumption of fatty and high-calorie foods, scientists conducted an experiment on mice that were fed foods with a high content of carbohydrates and fats. Only a few days after the start of the experiment, it turned out that all experimental rodents showed signs of inflammation in the hypothalamus.
How fatty foods harm the human brain?
In the human brain specialcells responsible for protecting our body in case of any harmful infection attacking us. These defenders are called microglia, which recognize overly fatty foods as potential enemies. The high content of fats and carbohydrates in our food makes microglia become excessively active and inflame.
In addition to inflammation in the hypothalamus, an overabundancefats in microglia can also lead to the destruction of synaptic connections between neurons of the brain. In other words, overeating with fatty foods in this case can lead to a significant deterioration in the cognitive abilities of a person and reduce the ability to learn and remember new information.
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The study revealed that foractivation of microglia in the brain is responsible for a special protein UCP2, which is formed in microglia. Having removed the protein, scientists noticed a very interesting effect: mice stopped gaining weight even after overeating fatty foods.
Therefore, frequent usehigh-calorie food affects almost all vital systems of the body, primarily starting with impaired brain function. Getting used to fatty foods, a person adapts to a high content of carbohydrates and becomes a real hostage to such a diet, while consuming more and more junk food.