Research

How does low moon gravity affect astronaut health?

ESA European Space Agencyprepares a new generation of astronauts for new manned missions to the moon. More recently, they began to teach the use of research tools, being dressed in heavy suits, restraining movement. But what about low gravity? In order to use the equipment effectively, it is important for astronauts to learn to move in new conditions and, most importantly, to protect themselves from the consequences of being in them.

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Learn how low gravity of the moon can affecton the human body, they are trying ESA employee David Green and engineer Tobias Weber. To do this, they built a vertical treadmill, on which the tested astronauts need to run, being suspended in a horizontal state. Studying their health indicators, the researchers intend to identify potential problems in advance and develop ways to eliminate them.

What happens to the body during low gravity:

  • bone mass is lost;
  • weakened muscles;
  • there are problems with the lungs and heart;
  • taste perception changes;
  • immunity weakens.

As you can see, stay in lowgravity is bad for bones. According to scientists, the best way to preserve their health is to move more, namely to make jumps. Unfortunately, the current simulator does not allow making big jumps, therefore the agency intends to contact NASA and continue research on the ARGOS system.

In the future, the ESA plans to build its ownsimulator level NASA. So the agency will be able to thoroughly prepare their astronauts for lunar missions. The date when the simulator will be put into operation is still unknown, but it already has a name - Luna 2.

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