Many technologies and just things in our worldappeared under, to put it mildly, strange circumstances. Other things, under strange circumstances, have gained popularity. In this article we will give an example of how adult films were able to influence not only society, but also standards that have been strengthened in our homes for decades. It sounds a little strange, but everyone who lived in the eighties and nineties of the last century, enjoyed the fruits of this influence in their lives. Intrigue?
- 1 Storage media
- 2 What is VHS?
- 3 Difference between VHS and Betamax
- 4 The Secret to VHS Popularity
First of all, remember the mainconsumer storage media. It’s hardly worth remembering paper, papyrus and birch bark, since the massive accumulation of information has gone literally in the last couple of decades. Here and there you can find statistics saying that over the past 5 years (under other data from 5 to 15 years) we have generated such a volume of information that exceeds everything that has been accumulated before us in the history of mankind.
Just imagine: A new development will change the movie of the future! And it's not VR
First of all, it became possible thanks togreater accessibility of memory on a wide market and endless photos of cats occupying this memory. And what did you want - the pictures are also content, like the books that ancient thinkers wrote.
The most popular and massive types of storage media used over the past 40 years are the following:
- 5.25 inch floppy disks
- 3.5 inch floppy disks
- audio cassettes
- Betamax Cassettes
- VHS cassettes
If you have not guessed what will be discussed, I will tell you. Today we will talk about VHS tapes.
What is a VHS?
VHS cassette format was proposed by renownedJVC electronics manufacturer in the mid-70s of the last century. You can even say that it marked a transition to a real unification of formats, since before that each manufacturer offered what he considered necessary. The JVC, with its VHS, was in serious competition with Sony's Betamax and Video 2000 formats from Grundig and Philips.
The VHS cassettes were based on a tape width of 0.5 inches(12.65 mm) and lengths from 170 to almost 500 meters. All this was packed in a plastic case with dimensions of 188 × 104 × 25 mm. The speed of movement of the tape over the head of the tape recorder was 3.335 cm / s for standard 525/60 (NTSC, PAL-M)
The largest cassettes could fit on themselvesas many as 5 hours of video in 576i. They were labeled E-300. In addition, there were options E-120, E-180, E-195 and E-240, accommodating the corresponding number of minutes of recording. At the same time, the E-195 cassettes were offered as an extended version of the E-180 cassettes, which allowed guaranteed recording of a film with advertising. By the way, they were the most popular.
To read the tape in the tape recorder wasa special design of the mechanism is provided. When the cartridge was placed, the coils were unlocked, allowing them to rotate freely, and the film was passed through a system of rollers and the head itself with a diameter of 62 mm. The design of the tape broach was called M-shaped and was simpler than the U-shaped in Betamax cassettes.
The difference between VHS and Betamax
Now we will not go into details of the subtleties of the differences between these two types of cassettes, we just note the main ones that allowed these carriers to compete with each other.
In fact, Betamax cassettes allowprovide higher quality video recording, but at the same time they are more complex and expensive. If this difference can somehow be leveled, the differences in recording technology will not allow VHS to compete with Betamax in terms of video replication. The fact is that the latter use technology for separate recording of luminance and color paths, allowing the replication of Betamax cassettes with significantly lower losses.
It would seem that in the war of these two formats, everythingadvantages on the side of Betamax cassettes, which should have allowed Sony to gain a foothold in this field. That's just the Japanese had one small miscalculation. Or maybe it was conceived.
The secret of VHS popularity
Oddly enough, the main reason for popularityVHS tapes is that the creators of other formats adhered to strict licensing restrictions and did not agree to support porn studios. It was the second factor that had a great influence on the distribution of the VHS format, which existed until the mid-2000s, when DVDs replaced it. In 2003 alone, the number of films released on DVD exceeded the number of films released on VHS. And the last work, officially released on such tapes, in 2006 was the film “Justified Cruelty” by David Cronenberg.
The ability to buy the fruits of the labor of the porn industryand the subsequent appearance of video recorders for VHS tapes made this format a real hit, despite its many disadvantages. Already in 1985, signs of a clear dominance of VHS over Betamax were recorded.
According to various estimates of experts for all timeThe existence of the format in the world has sold about 900 million players for VHS tapes. By the way, the last VCR was released by Funai in 2016. That is, more recently.
Surely even our youngest readers managed torun into this format. This once again speaks of the speed of technology diffusion in recent times. Just fifteen years ago, VHS could be easily found on sale, and now they look so outdated format that the words “dinosaur” and “prehistoric” pop up involuntarily. It's only the beginning. Soon, modern 4K formats will be considered exclusively from a historical point of view.