How to solve the problem with slums? Can their inhabitants dream of normal living conditions? In the US city of Austin, the technology exhibition SXSW took place, at which they put forward a proposal to provide developing countries with affordable and fast housing.
As part of the SXSW festival, a project onproviding developing countries with prefabricated residential buildings built of concrete using 3D printers. To print a house of 60 square meters. m, it will take about two days. The cost of such construction will cost about $ 10,000. The organizers of this project assure that in the future the construction process will take from 12 hours to 48, as the robotic 3D printer plans to improve, and the cost of the mix to optimize and reduce to $ 4,000.
Operating principle: robotic 3D-printer moves along the metal base-box, filling it with a special solution. That is how the wall is built. With the help of software, drawings are created, according to which the system works. The advantage is that future owners will have the opportunity to create a house the way they want on the spot or choose one of the ready-made options. After printing the “concrete box”, the builders (in the future, robots and drones) install windows, an entrance door, a roof, basic plumbing and electrical wiring. And all this is done for a specified period of time.
This project launched a non-profitNew Story, an organization that helps provide housing for developing countries and a construction company Icon. Without a roof over your head, there are more than a billion people on the planet. Projects to create fast and affordable housing are created for those who do not have the opportunity to move from slums to normal housing. The executive director of New Story, Brett Hagler, said it was too irresponsible for him and their employees not to do anything in this situation.
The project starts in El Salvador later this year: To begin with, they will build several experimental houses; they will lay the foundation of a commune of one hundred houses. The implementation of the basic plan is scheduled for 2019. Funding occurs mainly at the expense of Silicon Valley. It is planned that families will be able to purchase homes on mortgages without interest, paying $ 30 a month for 10 years. For the poor districts of El Salvador, this is more than a lifting amount, since the average salary here is $ 360 per month. If successful, similar buildings will be erected in other regions.
Source: qz.com, dailydot.com, ICON