A typical walk in the woods can turn aroundserious health problems. A tick bite is easily overlooked, but only in some cases it will remain without consequences. In Russia and other countries, thousands of people become victims of tiny arachnids every year. Ticks are carriers of diseases such as tick-borne encephalitis, ehrlichiosis, tick-borne tick-borne typhus, etc. However, Lyme borreliosis is the most common. According to a recent study, young and middle-aged women are more likely to have borreliosis.
Ticks are tiny arachnids. These are the oldest representatives of arthropods on Earth. Ticks live on plants, in animal burrows, in soil, and even in bird nests. These small parasites are known for their diversity. Science knows about 54,000 species. For humans, the so-called ixodid ticks are dangerous. They feed on the remains of mushrooms and plants and, of course, blood. Female ticks drink it a lot, some can be on the animal for up to six days. Males, unlike females, suck on for a short time, as they are more concerned with reproduction issues, rather than food.
This spider weaves the most durable web
Tick bite infected with tick-borne encephalitis andLyme borreliosis is dangerous. With it, the saliva of the tick gets into the wound, which contains many different biologically active substances, including the causative agent of the disease.
What is Lyme disease?
Lyme disease was first detected in the townOld Lyme, Connecticut, USA in 1975. Hence its beautiful name. The disease is caused by bacteria of the genus Bolleria. Some types of ticks carry it. Borreliosis is not transmitted from person to person.
Symptoms of Lyme disease include: ring-shaped rash, fever, and fatigue. Typically, symptoms develop three weeks after a bite. Most of the past three-week course of antibiotics fully recover. But science knows cases where borreliosis lasted for years. Scientists do not know why this is happening, so there is currently no agreed treatment for the disease in such cases.
Who are ticks biting?
According to a study thatwas conducted from 1998 to 2015 and during which more than 2300 patients suffering from borreliosis were analyzed, the fair risk group included women. Of all the detected cases of borreliosis, 60% are in girls and women.
Most new cases have been reported inpatients aged 6 to 10 years and from 61 to 65 years. Almost all patients who participated in the study are white. Scientists also report that in the UK the number of cases of borreliosis has increased - from 0.08 per 100,000 in 1998 to 0.53 per 100,000 in 2015.
Are you afraid of ticks? We will wait for the answer here.