Scientists from the European Southern Observatory (ESO)came close to solving one of the most exciting astronomers puzzles regarding the mechanism of occurrence of such a phenomenon as black holes. In the process of research, a hypothesis was put forward about the source of energy, which was required when forming giant black holes in the era of the creation of the oldest galaxies in our Universe.
Scientists were puzzled by the issue of identifyinga source from where the most ancient black holes consumed energy to form into supermassive celestial bodies during the birth of the Universe 12.5 billion years ago. The formation of the first black holes went relatively quickly and astronomers sought to resolve the question of where the energy and matter came from for this process.
A group of scientists usingThe Very Large Telescope (VLT, Very Large Telescope) of the Chilean Desert Atacama used MUSE tools to study quasars. It is these superbright celestial bodies, according to astronomers, that provided energy for black holes from the central, oldest sector of the universe.
Exactly the MUSE supersensitive toolsrevealed huge accumulations of cold dense gaseous hydrogen, extending 100,000 light-years from central black holes with a mass exceeding the mass of our Sun by billions of times. These gas formations became a source of energy and matter during the subsequent formation of black holes and the formation of stars.