Personal identification in the modern worldis a priority task, which requires the creation of enhanced measures to protect confidential data and provide controlled access to personal information. The European Parliament decided to create a single database (DB), designed for law enforcement, border and migration services of the EU.
The newly created database is called Common.Identity Repository (CIR) and will allow to concentrate in a single system the biometric data of citizens living in the EU and in some neighboring countries. The CIR will contain basic information about citizens, such as: names, dates of birth, passport numbers, as well as biometric data (fingerprints, face scan data). When accessing a single database of border guards or law enforcement officers, the process of unambiguous identification of the person will be significantly simplified, since previously such data were in different databases and required coordinated work of the departments.
The integrated CIR database will already includethe existing Schengen Information System, Eurodac, the Visa Information System (VIS) and three new systems: the European Criminal Reporting System for Persons from Third Countries (ECRIS-TCN), the Entry / Exit System (EES) and the Automatic Entry Authorization System in the Schengen Zone (ETIAS ).
Thus, after the start of the CIR work in the worldthere will already be three major biometric databases with civilian data. In addition to CIR, these are already operating databases of the Chinese government and the Aadhar biometric system in India. At the same time, the EU announced unprecedented measures to protect information from unauthorized entry or computer hacking.