Often you can meet situations where a strongthe side of any cool invention is at the same time its weak side. Such an example could be the heart of Tesla cars. No one disputes the fact that these cars came from the future at the time, and still force newcomers to drive nervously from charging to charging at a time when Tesla goes from here to the end. Even Porsche could not. All this, of course, is inspiring, but the batteries tend to wear out, and Tesla in this regard is also not eternal. But, a new development can make the car so coveted by many even cooler. What is it?
- 1 Cons Tesla
- 2 Prospects for the development of electric vehicles
- 3 What the battery of the future looks like
- 4 Pros of a New Generation of Batteries
As practice shows, when the battery of a smartphonebegins to live out its age, many users still do not go to change it, since they consider the procedure expensive. As a result, they use the Power Bank until the very end or constantly go into the room with the words “Does anyone have a phone charger?”. Everyone has such friends.
Now imagine that you bought a car forthe amount of about one hundred thousand dollars. Ride it, enjoy life, but at one moment it starts to work poorly and does not give the desired mileage. You come to the salon, and you are given a price tag for replacing the battery at a cost ranging from a quarter to half the cost of the car. Unpleasant, huh? And in this case, conversations, like, “they bought Tesla - they have money”, are not accepted, since several tens of thousands of dollars for the machine to simply cease to be a discharged gadget on wheels, this is a lot for any person.
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Anyone can face such a situation.the person who bought the car in order to drive it, and not sell it in a year or break it. Modern electric cars, in general, have a significantly larger resource than their battery. Even Elon Musk said that his cars are designed for mileage up to one million miles (more than 1.6 million kilometers). This applies to all components except the battery. As a result, the battery dies before the car. So it will be with Tesla, so it will be with Porsche Taycan, so it will be with Jaguar F-Pace, so it will be with Audi e-trone, so it will be with everyone ...
Prospects for the development of electric vehicles
With all my twofold attitude towards electric cars,which I have already expressed more than once, sooner or later they will become our main means of transportation. Technology, of course, will go forward, and the first steps have been taken now.
The current generation of batteries in electric vehicles"Walks" a maximum of 700-800 thousand kilometers. There is no doubt - this is not a little, but it is in ideal conditions, which means timely service, good exercise, a neat driving style, a sparing climate and much more. In any case, after 150-200 thousand kilometers, you can begin to face the first problems.
To fight this, a company creatingcurrent generation batteries for Tesla, some time ago, began developing new generation batteries that can withstand up to one and a half million kilometers. Here is the application!
Especially relevant such batteries will not evenfor individual users who travel 20,000 kilometers a year, and for taxis, including an automated, unmanned taxi. There really can be deployed.
What does the battery of the future look like?
If you think the batteries that are written aboutabove, exist only in the project, in the head of the creator, or, at worst, on paper, you are mistaken. The prototypes of the batteries are not just already created, but are already being tested in full.
According to the testers, the battery has already provenwhich can provide an electric car with up to a million miles of service faithfully. This is at least twice as much as the current generation of batteries. Now work is underway to increase reliability and bring the prototype to an industrial design.
A battery is not something fundamentally new. This is the same Li-Ion battery from a single-chip cathode, but only a new generation. An additional contribution to the resource was made by a new type of electrolyte. During testing, experiments were conducted with different electrolytes, including those that support fast charging. The final version has not yet been selected, but they all showed themselves to varying degrees, and their creators will still opt for the best option.
Battery testing is carried out at differentcharging and load modes. For example, the charge-discharge cycle was tested even at temperatures above 50 degrees Celsius. This is good and will allow you to use a car in California and even in Death Valley, which is the hottest point on the planet. What about negative temperatures? There is no answer yet.
Temperature studies have shown thatbatteries can normally work out 4000 charge-discharge cycles even at a temperature of 40 degrees Celsius. Using Tesla's proprietary cooling system will increase the number of cycles by at least one and a half times.
Pros of a new generation of batteries
Above, I have already given an example of those who are usefulhave a longer battery life in his electric car. Let me remind you that these were taxi drivers. In addition to them, it can be said that more resource-intensive batteries will well take their place in commercial vehicles, such as trucks, loaders, and other machines that work from morning to evening, and even without stopping if the operators work in shifts.
All this will not only make electric carsmore attractive, depriving them of one of the most significant disadvantages, but also to popularize the idea of electric transport as a whole. Just imagine how much more willingly public transport companies, taxi fleets and logistics companies will invest in “battery-powered transport”. Especially if the price of new batteries does not increase the cost of the final product.
And what are the prospects for homedrives that store the energy received by solar panels? So far, the cost of ownership, taking into account the resource, the cost of purchase and maintenance, does not greatly outweigh the traditional methods of generating electricity. If the batteries work many times longer, this will open up such prospects that it’s just uhhhhhh ... Let's wait, but much will change soon. Just a battery, but it can change everything!