Using nanotechnology in conjunction withmodern mobile devices will allow scientists to significantly advance in the timely diagnosis of brain diseases, identify their cause and conduct surgical treatment using the latest drugs.
A group of scientists from the United States and South Korea createda device that uses wireless technology and is able to directly affect brain neurons with light signals and medications. The new device is implanted directly into the patient's brain and demonstrates much higher efficiency in test trials than any of the modern methods used by neurobiologists.
Testing was conducted on mice. Scientists used a device with miniature LEDs, a replaceable drug cartridge and microfluidic channels.
A special application on the smartphone allowsscientists manage the frequency of exposure to the brain with light signals and the introduction of drugs. Communication is via Bluetotth. The volume of the cartridge is designed for several months of work, so researchers can study the effect of the device in the long term.
New invention will provide scientists with a wide fieldto study the principles of the functioning of brain cells, to study the mechanism of the occurrence of diseases such as Alzheimer's, depression and migraine. Also, the device will allow for online testing of new drugs and to identify their effect on brain cells.